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The effect of mainshock-aftershock on the residual displacement of buildings equipped with cylindrical frictional damper

  • Mirtaheri, Masoud ;
  • Amini, Mehrshad ;
  • Rad, Moosa Doosti
  • Received : 2016.11.19
  • Accepted : 2017.04.25
  • Published : 2017.05.25

Abstract

Recently, Friction dampers become popular due to the desirable performance in the energy dissipation of lateral loads. A lot of research which has been conducted on these dampers results in developing friction dampers with low sensitivity to the number of cycles and temperature increases. Friction dampers impose high residual drifts to the buildings because of low post-yield stiffness of the damper which results from increasing lateral displacement and period of buildings. This issue can be more critical under strong aftershocks which results in increasing of structural damages. In this paper, in addition to the assessment of aftershock on steel buildings equipped with friction dampers, methods for controlling residual drifts and decreasing the costs of retrofitting are investigated. Utilizing rigid connections as a lateral dual system and activating lateral stiffness of gravity columns by adding elastic braces are as an example of effective methods investigated in this research. The results of nonlinear time history analyses on the low to medium rise steel frames equipped with friction dampers illustrate a rise in residual drifts as the result of aftershocks. In addition, the results show that different slip loads of friction damper can affect the residual drifts. Furthermore, elastic stories in comparison to rigid connections can reduce residual drifts of buildings in an effective fashion, when most slip loads of friction dampers are considered.

Keywords

steel buildings;residual displacement;cylindrical frictional dampers;mianshock-aftershock earthquake;nonlinear time history analysis

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