DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The relationship of Gender Discrimination Consciousness, Work-Family Conflict and Facilitation and Turnover Intention of Married Female Hospital Nurses.

기혼여성간호사의 성차별의식, 직장-가정 갈등과 지원 및 이직의도와의 관계

  • Received : 2017.05.11
  • Accepted : 2017.07.20
  • Published : 2017.07.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of gender discrimination consciousness, work-family conflict and facilitation, and turnover intention of married female hospital nurses. The participants included 101 married female nurses at hospitals in S city. Gender discrimination consciousness was higher, benevolent sexism was higher than hostile sexism. The nurses under 40, had one child and worked within 5 years had higher work-family conflict. Turnover intension was significantly higher when the nurses were under 40 (t=3.66, p<.001), had no children (F=5.76, p=.004), and were staff and charge nurses (F=5.86, p=.004). Hostile sexism had correlated to family-to work conflict and facilitation. Turnover intention had a positive correlation to work-to family conflict and family-to work conflict. Through this study, we were understand the relationship of gender discrimination consciousness, work-family conflict and facilitation, turnover intension of married female hospital nurses, and for work-family balance, it was found that more study is needed.

Keywords

Married Female Hospital Nurses;Gender Discrimination Consciousness;Work-Family Conflict;Work-Family Facilitation;Turnover Intention

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 청암대학교

References

  1. Statics Korea, "2015 Women's perspective in statistics" Retrived November 2, 2016, from http:// kosis.kr. 2016.
  2. Hye Ryun Kang, and Suh Yeun Choi, Antecedentsand Outcomes of Work - Family Conflict ofMarried Working Women. Korean Journal of Psychology: Women, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 23-42, 2001.
  3. J. S. Yang, "The Analysis of Determinants Affecting Work-Family Balance and the Childbirth Decision of Working Wives", Korean Journal of Family Welfare, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 613-630, 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.13049/kfwa.2015.20.4.613 https://doi.org/10.13049/kfwa.2015.20.4.613
  4. J. K. Kim, J. S. Yang, "Analysis of the Factors Influencing Work-Family Balance: A Focus on the Impact of Social Support", Korean Journal of Public Administration, Vol. 50, No. 4, pp. 251-280, 2012.
  5. J. S. Lee, "Estimating Married Female Workers' Changes in Work Family Conflict: Tests of Effects of Conservation of Resources Factors on Individual Differences in the Changes", Korean Journal of Social Welfare Research, Vol. 48, pp. 1-27, 2016. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17997/SWRY.48.1.1
  6. J. Y. Jang, H. S. Kim, "The Gender Differences in the Effects of Work-Family Conflict on the Life Satisfaction and Job Attitudes", Korean journal of Psychological and Social Issues, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 23-42, 2003.
  7. Y. M. Kim, Y. K. Ryu, "A Study on the Differences ill Determinants of Gender Role Attitudes among the Gender Regimes: A Comparison among Sweden, Germany and Korea", The Korean Family Studies Association, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 90-128, 2013.
  8. J. S. Park, "Gauging Gender Equality in Terms of Household Labor Division and Gender-role Perception", Health and Welfare Policy Forum, No. 199, pp. 28-38, 2013.
  9. S. S. An, Y. T. Baek, I. S. Kim, H. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, "A Study on the Development and Validation of Korean Ambivalent Sexism Inventory", Korean Women's Development Institute. 2007.
  10. F. Eek, A. Axmon, "Gender inequality at home is associated with poorer health for women", Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, Vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 176-182, 2015. DOI: 10.1177/1403494814562598 https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494814562598
  11. Hospital Nurses Association. Annual Report; hospital nurse allocation survey. Seoul, HNA, 2015.
  12. Korea Health Industry Statistics Development Institute "The Research on the Rresent Nurses Activities" Retrived November 10, 2016, from http:// www. khidi.or.kr, 2016.
  13. M. Y. Kim, "Nurses' Work-family Balance: The Gender Perspectives", Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 87-95, 2012. https://doi.org/10.11111/jkana.2012.18.1.87
  14. Y. H. Kim, H. W. Kang, "A Study on Gender Equalitarianism of Kyounggi University Students", Citizen and Humanities, Vol. 16, pp. 127-164, 2009.
  15. H. N. Kim, J. S. Kim, "Work-Family Compatibility Experience of Married Nurse: Focusing on the Expanding Stage of the Family Life Cycle", Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 545-559, 2016. http:// dx.doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2016.17.2.545 https://doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2016.17.2.545
  16. J. H. Greenhaus, G. N. Powell, "When work and family are allies: a theory of work-family enrichment", Academy of Management Review, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 72-92, 2006 https://doi.org/10.5465/AMR.2006.19379625
  17. M. Zhang, R. W. Griffeth, D. D. Fried, "Work-family conflict and individual consequences", Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 7, No. 7, pp. 696-713, 2006
  18. S. K. Kim, S. Y. Park, H. S. Rhee, "The effect of Work-Family Conflict on depression on Married Working Women", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp.267-275, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2017.15.3.267 https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2017.15.3.267
  19. H. J. Choi, "An exploratory study on the effect of work-family conflict on job satisfaction and job performance among hotel frontline employees with testing gender difference", Korean Journal of Hospitality Administration, Vol. 18, No. 5, pp. 203-219, 2009
  20. H. J. Choi, "Moderating Effects of Work-family Conflict between Job . Organizational . Career Characteristics and Turnover Intention among Nurses in Small and Medium-sized Hospitals", The Journal of Korean Nursing Administration Academic Society, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 297-307, 2015. http:// dx.doi.org/10.11111/jkana.2015.21.3.297 https://doi.org/10.11111/jkana.2015.21.3.297
  21. Y. N. Kim, I. S. Jang, "Moderating and Mediating Effects of Social Support in the Relationship between Work-family Conflict, Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intention among Married Women Nurses", The Journal of Korean Nursing Administration academic Society, Vol. 20, No. 5, pp. 525-534, 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.11111/jkana.2014.20.5.525 https://doi.org/10.11111/jkana.2014.20.5.525
  22. B. J. Na, E. J. Kim, "A Study on the Mediating and Moderating Effect of Work-Family Confliction the Relationship Among Emotional Labor, Occupational Stress, and Turnover Intention", Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 260-269, 2016. https://doi.org/10.11111/jkana.2016.22.3.260 https://doi.org/10.11111/jkana.2016.22.3.260
  23. B. J. Lee, T. S. Jeong, "An effect of Work-Family Conflict on Turnover Intention and Organizational Commitment", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 11, No. 8, pp.75-93, 2013.
  24. H. J. Choi, "The Effect of Work-Family Conflict and Facilitation on Job Satisfaction and Job Performance: An Empirical Study in the Hotel Industry", Ph.D. dissertation, Pai Chai University. 2009.
  25. P. J. Glick, S.T. Fiske, "An Ambivalent Alliance :Hostile and Benevolent Sexism as Complementary Justifications for Gender Inequality", American Psychologist, Vol. 56, No. 2, pp. 108-118, 2001
  26. J. Y. Kim, "Relationship among Emotional Labor, Burnout, Social Support and Turnover Intention of Nurse Practitioners in terms of Interdisciplinary Perspectives" Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 14, No. 8, pp. 331-342, http://dx.doi.org/10.14400/ JDC.2016.14.8.331 https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2016.14.8.331
  27. H. I. Park, K. H. Lee, "The Effect of Social Intelligence and Burnout on Turnover Intention in Nurses: An exploratory study" Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 325-336, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2016.14.4.325 https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2016.14.4.325
  28. B. B. Mun, S. Y .Lee, J. O. Cheong, "Empirical Study on the turn-over intention of university hospital nurses" Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 205-213, 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2015.13.2.205 https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2015.13.2.205
  29. M. H. Nam, Y. C. Kwon, "The Relationship between Better Life Index, Nursing performance and Intents to Leave among Hospital Nurses", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 10, No. 9, pp. 417-427, 2012.
  30. P. Glick, S. Fiske, "The Ambivalent Sexism Inventory: Differentiating Hostile and Benevolent Sexism", Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 491-512, 1996.
  31. P. Glick, S. Fiske, "An Ambivalent Alliance: Hostile and Benevolent Sexism as Complementary Justifications for Gender Inequality", American Psychologist, Vol. 56, No. 2, pp. 109-118, 2001. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.56.2.109
  32. R. G. Netemeyer, J. S. Boles, R. McMurrian, "Development and validation of work-family conflict and family work conflict scales", Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 81, No. 4, pp. 400-410, 1996. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.81.4.400
  33. J. G. Grzywacz, N. F. Marks, "Family, work, work-family spillover, and problem drinking during midlife", Journal of Marrage and Family, Vol. 62, No. 1, pp. 336-348, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2000.00336.x
  34. M. H. Shim Y. M. Endo. "Stereotypes toward Gender Roles, Sexism and Attitudes toward Military Service among Koreans", The Korean Journal of Woman Psychology, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 365-385, 2013. https://doi.org/10.18205/kpa.2013.18.3.002
  35. Y. K. Nah, Y. J. Choi, "Gender Sensitivity Comparison between Korean and Japanese College Students", Journal of Life long Education, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 121-146, 2011.
  36. M. J. Seong, "AStudy and Reviewof gender Inequality Index", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 14, No. 6, pp.43-49, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2016.14.6.43 https://doi.org/10.14400/JDC.2016.14.6.43
  37. Y. S. Choi, "Nursing professionalism, Job satisfaction and Turnover intention of nurses in small and medium-sized hospitals- Focused on 'I' City", Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, Vol. 15, No. 5, pp. 2695-2702, 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2014.15.5.2695 https://doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2014.15.5.2695
  38. M. Y. Kim, " Nurses' Work-family Boundary Management", The Journal of Korean Nursing Administration academic Society, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 17-27, 2013. https://doi.org/10.11111/jkana.2013.19.1.17
  39. J. H. Kim, K. Y. Lee, "A Typology of Dual-Income Family Work-Life by Time Allocation", Korean Family Resource Management Association, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 101-125, 2015.
  40. M. J. Kim, J. W. Lee, J. S. Park, "Effects of Nurses' Practice Environment and Job Embeddedness on Turnover Intention in Medium-small sized Hospital", Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 222-230, 2017. https://doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2017.18.1.222 https://doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2017.18.1.222
  41. H. Y. Kim, M. S. Yim, "A Study of Influence on the Psychological State of Hospital Employees through Convergence Career Management Systems", Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, Vol. 6, No. 6, pp. 119-129, 2015.
  42. E. K. Lee, J. H. Park, "Converged Study of Influencing Factors on Occupational Stress in Workers", Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, Vol. 7. No. 3, pp. 15-24, 2016.