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실무중심 교육프로그램이 신규 간호사의 임상수행능력, 비판적 사고와 이직율에 미치는 영향

Effects of a practical work-oriented education program on the ability of newly recruited nurses in execution of clinical competency, critical thinking and turnover rate

  • 박정희 (건양대학교 응급구조학과) ;
  • 이미향 (건양대학교 간호학과)
  • 투고 : 2017.06.02
  • 심사 : 2017.07.20
  • 발행 : 2017.07.28

초록

본 연구는 취업 전 간호대학생에게 적용된 실무중심 교육프로그램이 신규간호사의 임상수행능력, 비판적 사고와 이직율에 미치는 영향을 확인하고자 하였다. 실무중심 교육프로그램에 참여한 후 해당 병원에 취업한 간호사 와 실무중심 교육프로그램에 참여하지 않고 해당 병원에 취업한 간호사를 대상으로 실시한 단일군 전후설계 및 비동등성 대조군 사후설계 연구이다. 연구결과 취업 전 실무중심 교육프로그램에 참여한 간호사의 임상수행능력과 비판적 사고는 높게 나타났으며, 실무중심 교육프로그램에 간호사의 입사 후 1개월 이내 이직율은 감소하였다. 병원 취업 전 간호대학생때부터 실무중심의 교육프로그램을 운영하는 것이 중요하며 신규 간호사의 인적자원관리를 위해서 새롭게 시도한 실무중심 교육프로그램은 학교에서 학생의 임상실습 교과과정 개발과 병원에서 간호사 교육프로그램 개발 시 유용하게 활용할 수 있을 것이다.

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