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장·노년층의 스마트폰 과의존 영향요인에 대한 탐색적 연구

A exploratory study for Influential factors of smartphone over-dependence in elder and older Group

  • 배성만 (고려사이버대학교) ;
  • 고영삼 (한국정보화진흥원 디지털문화본부)
  • 투고 : 2017.05.26
  • 심사 : 2017.07.20
  • 발행 : 2017.07.28

초록

스마트폰의 사용은 청소년뿐만 아니라 장, 노년층에서도 일상의 한 부분이 되고 있는 것에 비해 이들을 대상으로 한 스마트폰 과의존 관련 연구는 찾아보기 어렵다. 따라서, 본 연구는 전국의 장 노년층을 대상으로 스마트폰 과의존과 관련된 변인들을 탐색하기 위해 인구사회학적 변인, 스마트폰 사용 양, 스마트폰 사용 유형과 심리 정서적 변인이 장 노년층의 스마트폰 과의존에 미치는 영향을 확인하였다. 본 연구에서는 한국정보화진흥원의 2016년 인터넷 과의존 실태조사 자료 중 50대와 60대에 해당하는 5627명의 자료를 분석하였다. 위계적 다중회귀분석 결과, 스마트폰 주중사용횟수, 주말 사용횟수, 주중사용시간이 많을수록 그리고 정보추구와 게임을 위한 스마트폰 사용이 증가할수록 스마트폰 과의존이 높았다. 반면, 오락추구와 커뮤니케이션 유형은 스마트폰 과의존에 영향을 미치지 못했다. 또한, 외로움과 불안이 증가할수록 스마트폰 과의존이 증가한 반면, 사회적 자본이 클수록 스마트폰 과의존이 낮았다. 본 연구를 통해 장, 노년층의 스마트폰 과의존과 관련된 특성들을 이해하고, 이러한 지식을 장, 노년층의 스마트폰 과의존 문제를 해결하는데 활용할 필요가 있다. 향후 연구에서는 장, 노년층의 스마트폰 과의존에 영향을 미치는 예측변인들 간의 인과관계에 대한 가설검증도 필요해 보인다.

키워드

스마트폰 과의존;인터넷 중독;노인정보화;고령화;노인

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