A exploratory study for Influential factors of smartphone over-dependence in elder and older Group

장·노년층의 스마트폰 과의존 영향요인에 대한 탐색적 연구

  • 배성만 (고려사이버대학교) ;
  • 고영삼 (한국정보화진흥원 디지털문화본부)
  • Received : 2017.05.26
  • Accepted : 2017.07.20
  • Published : 2017.07.28


Smartphone use has become a part of everyday life, not only for adolescents but also for elderly and older people. Thus, this study explored the effect of demographic variables, the amount of smartphone usage, type of smartphone use and psychosocial variables on smartphone dependence of the elder group. We analyzed the data of 5627 (50s and 60s) of the Internet overdependence survey data of the Korea Information Society Agency in 2016. As a result of hierarchical multiple regression analysis, More frequency of smartphone use of weekday and weekend, and usage time of smartphone of weekday were related to greater smartphone dependence. More smartphone use for information seeking and games were associated with greater smartphone dependence. And, as loneliness and anxiety increased, smartphone dependence increased, while smartphone dependence decreased, as social capital increased. Through this study, it is necessary to understand characteristics related to smartphone dependence of elder and older group, and to use this knowledge to solve their smartphone dependence. Future studies also need to identify the causal relationship between predictors of smartphone dependence in elderly and older people.


Smartphone over-Dependence;Internet Addiction;Old age computer education;Aging;the aged


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