The Effects of Strategy of enhanced Metacognition on the Improvement of Creative Problem Solving Skills

메타인지 강화 전략이 창의적 문제 해결력 신장에 미치는 효과

  • 송주연 (경기대학교 교수학습개발센터) ;
  • 박지은 (대구대학교 기초교육대학)
  • Received : 2016.08.01
  • Accepted : 2017.07.20
  • Published : 2017.07.28


The purpose of the study was to develop a teaching strategy using metacognition and to investigate its effects on enhancing students' creative problem solving skills (i.e. creative thinking skills and critical thinking skills), metacognitive skills. With reference to previous studies, the researcher developed self-questionnaire to enhance metacognition. To achieve this aim, a learning strategy enhancing metacognition was developed and applied to design a creative problem solving instruction program. The strategy was implemented to university students over 9 weeks. The same test was used in two groups. To analyze the data statistically, ANCOVA was used. Results indicated that the experimental group presented statistically meaningful improvement in creative thinking skills, especially identifying a problem, making hypothesis, and controlling of variables(p<.05). Also, the strategy contributed to improve critical thinking skills, especially in inquiry process of recognizing problems, making hypothesis(p<.05). In addition, this strategy also helped students' metacognitive skills(p<.05). It was effective to improve thinking skills. It will contribute to improve convergence thinking skills.


Creative problem solving skills;Creative thinking skills;Critical thinking skills;Metacognition;Convergence


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