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Current Status and Perspectives of Graphene-based Membranes for Gas Separation

그래핀 기반 기체 분리막의 연구동향 및 전망

  • Yoo, Byung Min (Department of Energy Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Park, Ho Bum (Department of Energy Engineering, Hanyang University)
  • 유병민 (한양대학교 에너지공학과) ;
  • 박호범 (한양대학교 에너지공학과)
  • Received : 2017.06.27
  • Accepted : 2017.06.28
  • Published : 2017.06.30

Abstract

Since the experimental proof of one-atom-thick graphene single layer from graphite in 2004, graphene, as a leading material opening two-dimensional world, has been tremendously investigated owing to its intrinsic extraordinary physical properties. Among many promising graphene applications, it is believed that membranes might be one of the first significant applications for graphene and its derivatives (e.g., graphene oxide). Recently, a number of simulation results and proof-of-concept experimental approaches towards graphene membranes reflect such positive prospects. Moreover, graphene and graphene oxide already show many outstanding intrinsic properties suitable for promising membrane platforms, such as the minimum membrane thickness, excellent mechanical strength, high chemical and thermal stability, and the ability to generate nanopores in the two-dimensional, rigid hexagonal lattices or to create slit-like nanochannels between adjacent sheets. In this paper, important theoretical and experimental developments in graphene or graphene oxide-based membranes for gas separation based on intrinsic properties of graphene and its derivatives will be discussed, emphasizing on transport behavior, membrane formation methods, and challenging issues for actual membrane applications.

원자 수준의 두께를 가지는 그래핀 단일층이 흑연으로부터 박리되어 구현된 이래로, 그래핀은 2차원 소재의 활용 가능성을 연 물질로서 각광받고 있으며, 그래핀 고유의 뛰어난 물리적 특성으로 인하여 활발히 연구되고 있다. 특히 분리막 분야는 그래핀과 산화 그래핀이 활용 가능한 가장 중요한 분야 중의 하나로서, 최근의 다양한 시뮬레이션 연구를 통하여 그 가능성이 입증되고 있다. 그래핀과 산화 그래핀은 원자 수준의 얇은 두께, 뛰어난 기계적 강도, 높은 수준의 내화학성, 기공생성이 가능한 2차원 구조 또는 기체 확산 유로 생성이 가능한 적층 구조 등 분리막 소재로서 매우 유리한 특성들을 보유하고 있음이 밝혀졌다. 본 총설에서는 그래핀과 산화 그래핀의 고유 특성을 기반으로 기체 분리막 분야로의 응용 가능성과 현재까지의 개발 현황 및 향후 전망에 대하여 논하고자 한다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 재단법인 한국이산화탄소포집 및 처리연구개발센터

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