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Impacts of Exploitation and Exploration on Performance of Open Collaboration: Focus on Open Source Software Development Project

지식의 탐색(Exploration)과 활용(Exploitation)이 개방형협업의 성과에 미치는 영향: 오픈소스 소프트웨어 개발 프로젝트를 중심으로

  • 이새롬 (서울대학교 경영연구소) ;
  • 백현미 (한양대학교 정보사회학과) ;
  • 장정주 (서울대학교 경영전문대학원)
  • Published : 2017.06.01

Abstract

With rapid development of information and communication technologies, open collaboration can be eased through the Internet. Open source software, as a representative area of open collaboration, is developed and adopted to various fields. In this research, based on organizational learning theory, we examine the impacts of exploration and exploitation on innovation performance in open source software development projects. We define knowledge exploration as a number of developers from outside organization and knowledge exploitation as the ratio of member of an organization who participated in an open source software project managed by the organization. For analysis, we collect data of 4794 projects from github which is a representative open source software development platform using Web crawler developed by Python. As a result, we find that excessive exploration has curvilinear (invers U-shape) relationship on project performance. On the other hand, exploitation with enough external developers will positively impact on project performance.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 서울대학교 경영연구소

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