A Comparative Study on Aging Characteristics in Metropolitan Area New Towns of Korea and Japan Specifically on Bundang and Tama New Town

한일 수도권 교외 신도시 고령화 특성 비교 연구 - 분당신도시와 다마뉴타운을 중심으로

  • Kim, Seong-Hee (Dept. of Urban Information Engineering, Anyang University) ;
  • Kim, Joong-Eun (Urban Research Division, Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements(KRIHS))
  • Received : 2017.04.04
  • Accepted : 2017.06.09
  • Published : 2017.06.30


This study conducted a survey on the time serial change in the aging ratio and population structure in new towns and their housing complex of Korea and Japan, and revealed the differences in the factors that affect the aging ratio in new towns of Korea and Japan through a comparison of the housing provision of housing complex with a high aging ratio. Rapid aging is underway around the housing complexes that were developed in the beginning of Tama new town in Japan. Agingtends to increase in proportion to the opening time of the housing complex. Rental housing residents of early migration households showed rapid aging because they had generation separation early due to narrow housing. On the other hand, Bundang new town maintains a lower aging ratio and speed than Seoul and Seoul metropolitan area due to the constant influx of student population. On the other hand, aging is more likely to increase in large houses due to the depression of the real estate market.


New town;Population Structure;Aging;Housing Policy


  1. Kimura, M and Takiguchi, K., "A Consideration about the New Town Regeneration : New Town${\rightarrow}$ Old Town ${\rightarrow}$ Renew Town", Summaries of technical papers of Annual Meeting Architectural Institute of Japan, Architectural planning and design I, pp. 1-4, 2006.
  2. Kiuchi, S. and Inouchi, N., "New Towns in Japan", Geoforum UK: Pergamon Press, vol. 7, pp. 1-12, 1976. DOI:
  3. Hayashi, N., "Revitalization of Massive Planned Community Addressing the Needs of an Aging Society with a Low Birthrate and Population Decrease", 21st Kora-Japan Engineering Seminar, pp. 24-32, 2010.9.7.
  4. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transportation and Tourism, "A Study on New Town Policy of Japan", pp. 84-87, 2004.
  5. Takahashi, K. and Hayakawa, T., "A study on the results and the changing processes of new town idea from point of job-creation ability", Journal of the City Planning Institute of Japan, vol. 28, pp. 793-798, 1993.
  6. Miyazawa, H., "The Changing Face of Suburban New Towns in Large Metropolitan Areas: The Case of Tama New town, Tokyo", Annals of the Association of Economic Geographers by the Japan Association of Economic Geographers, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 18-32, 2006.
  7. Kato, T., "Realization of Massive Reconstruction in Tama New Twon:. Measure of Housing Complex in Suwa2chome:, Journal of Tama New Town Studies, vol. 13, pp. 80-91, 2011.
  8. Korea Land Corporation, A White Paper of the Bundang New Town Development, 1997.
  9. J. E. Kim, S.H. Kim, "The Effect of Household and Housing Types on Changes of Population Cohorts in New Towns", Korea Real Estate Academy Review, vol. 56, pp. 337-351, 2014.
  10. Tokyo Metropolitan Government. 2011. Guideline for Redevelopment Project of Tama New Town(draft)
  11. Statistics Japan, Population Census of Japan in each year.
  12. Statistics Korea, Population and Housing Census in each year.
  13. J. E. Kim, Comparative Study on Growth Process of the New Towns Planned during the Rapid Growth Period in the Seoul and Tokyo Metropolitan Areas, Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements, 2013.