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Factors related to Quality of Life in the Elderly People in Long-term Care Center

장기요양시설 노인의 삶의 질에 관련된 요인

  • Shin, Min-Woo (Department of Dental Hygiene, Chungbuk Health & Science University) ;
  • Ahn, Kwon-Suk (Department of Dental Hygiene, Chodang University) ;
  • Cho, Young-Chae (Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University)
  • 신민우 (충북보건과학대학교 치위생학과) ;
  • 안권숙 (초당대학교 치위생학과) ;
  • 조영채 (충남대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실)
  • Received : 2017.03.03
  • Accepted : 2017.06.09
  • Published : 2017.06.30

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between the sociodemographic characteristics, health related factors, physical functions (ADL, IADL), mental functions (CES-D, MMSE-K), oral health impact profile (OHIP-14), and the quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF) for the elderly in long-term care facilities. The research was conducted in 602 facility allowance beneficiaries authorized to be eligible for long-term care in long-term care facilities through personal interviews using a structured questionnaire from May 1 to June 30, 2016. As a result, the quality of life was lower among females than males in the group receiving government subsidies than the group whose livelihood was maintained by themselves or their children, in the group with a longer period of care, in the drinking group than the non-drinking group, in the group with irregular exercise than the regular exercise, in the group with irregular meals than regular meals, in the group with poor subjective health conditions than good subjective health condition, in the group with a smaller number of daily toothbrushing, in the group with xerostomia than no xerostomia, in the group with a lower OHIP-14, in the group with a lower ADL and IADL, and in the group with a lower CES-D and MMSE-K. In particular, the quality of life was affected more by health-related factors and CES-D and MMSE-K than by other factors. Therefore, it is necessary to make efforts to prevent depression and cognitive impairment, including health-related behavior, with the objective of improving the quality of life for the elderly in long-term care facilities.

Keywords

Elderly;Quality of life(WHOQOL-BREF);ADL;IADL;CES-D;MMSE-K;OHIP

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