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요도 카테터 삽입술에서 리도카인 윤활제의 통증 감소 효과 : 체계적 문헌고찰과 메타분석

Pain Reduction Effects of Lidocaine Gel for Urethral Catheterization : A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

  • 투고 : 2017.03.13
  • 심사 : 2017.06.09
  • 발행 : 2017.06.30

초록

본 연구는 요도 카테터 삽입술에서의 리도카인 윤활제의 통증 감소 효과를 검증하기 위해 수행된 체계적 문헌고찰 및 메타분석연구이다. 문헌검색은 PRISMA 가이드라인에 의거하여 데이터베이스 7개(MEDLINE, Cochrane Central, CINAHL, RISS, Koreamed, KISS, NDSL)와 회색문헌을 통해 수행되었다. 비뚤림 위험은 Risk of Bias(RoB) 도구를 통해 평가되었으며 자료의 분석은 RevMan 5.3 프로그램을 이용하였다. 문헌의 선택배제기준에 따라 합계 성인 대상자 1904명이 포함된 16편의 문헌이 최종 선정되었으며 funnel plot에서 비뚤림 위험이 관찰되지 않았다. 리도카인 윤활제의 통증 점수는 대조군과 비교할 때 표준화된 평균차이가 SMD -0.96(95% CI: -1.43, -0.49)로, 전반적으로 유의한 통증 감소효과를 보였다(p<.001). 이질성(($I^2=95%$, p<.001)의 원인을 탐색하기 위해 카테터 종류(도뇨카테터, 경성 및 연성방광경 카테터)에 따라 하위집단 분석을 실시하였으며 표준화된 평균차이가 각각 SMD -0.88(95% CI:-1.51, -0.26), -0.31(95% CI:-0.63, 0.01), -1.93(95% CI:-2.88, -0.97)이었다. 도뇨카테터 삽입에서는 성별에 관계없이 통증 감소 효과가 있었으나 경성방광경 카테터에서는 남성에서만 유의한 통증 감소 효과가 있었다. 용량에 있어 경성 방광경 카테터에서는 리도카인 윤활제를 10-11ml 이상을 사용한 경우 통증 감소 효과가 관찰되었다. 도뇨카테터에서는 리도카인 윤활제를 도포하는 방법만으로도 시간에 관계없이 유의한 통증 감소 효과가 있었다. 본 연구 결과 리도카인 젤은 남성의 요도 내로 경성방광경 카테터를 삽입하는 경우, 남녀 모두에게 도뇨카테터 삽입을 하는 경우에 유용한 통증 감소용 윤활제로 확인되었다.

키워드

Lidocaine gel;Meta-analysis;Pain;Systematic review;Urethral catheterization

참고문헌

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