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Effects of self esteem, dietary self-efficacy and life stress on dietary behavior of female nursing students

간호여대생의 자아존중감, 식이 자기효능감, 생활스트레스가 식행동에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2017.03.29
  • Accepted : 2017.06.09
  • Published : 2017.06.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to explore the degree of female nursing student's dietary behavior, self esteem, dietary self-efficacy, life stress and the factors influencing dietary behavior of those surveyed. A total of 422 female nursing students in B, C city were surveyed. The data were collected between May 15 and 30 of 2016 and analyzed by a t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis using SPSS WIN/21.0. The mean score of dietary behavior was $3.01{\pm}0.49$. In addition, there were significant differences in dietary behavior with respect to grade(F=4.823, p=0.008), residential type(F=6.067, p<.001), academic grade(F=3.907, p=0.021), health status(F=7.975, p<0.001), and degree of health concern(F=4.189, p=0.016). Moreover, there were negative correlations between dietary behavior and self esteem(r=-.238, p<0.001), and dietary self-efficacy(r=-0.438, p<0.001), while there was a positive correlation between dietary behavior and life stress(r=0.194, p<0.001). Regression analysis showed 26.7% of variance in female nursing student's dietary behavior can be explained by dietary self-efficacy, life stress, residental type, and degree of health concern. A follow-up survey investigating various factors influencing female nursing student's dietary behavior is needed and increased dietary behavior education and programs are required.

Keywords

Behavior;Dietary;Life stress;Self-efficacy;Self esteem

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 영산대학교

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