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The Mediation effect of Self-Efficacy on the Relationship between Personality Factors and Stress Coping Strategies in college students -Focus on Neuroticism and Conscientiousness-

대학생의 성격요인과 스트레스 대처방식과의 관계에 대한 자기효능감의 매개효과 -신경증과 성실성을 중심으로-

  • Baek, Yu-Mi (Dept. of Education Counseling and Psychology, Graduate School of Cyber, Joongbu University)
  • 백유미 (중부대학교 원격대학원 교육상담심리학과)
  • Received : 2017.03.07
  • Accepted : 2017.06.09
  • Published : 2017.06.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to verify the mediating effects of self-efficacy in correlation between conscientiousness and neuroticism among the Big Five personality traits and stress coping strategies. The following two study questions were formulated. Study Question 1: What is the correlation between the Big Five personality traits, stress coping strategies, and self-efficacy Study Question 2: Among the Big Five personality traits, conscientiousness and neuroticism are selected as clinically very meaningful variables that represent mental health in undergraduates. If so, does self-efficacy play a mediating role in the correlation between conscientiousness and neuroticism and stress coping strategies To verify the two study questions, the Big Five personality traits, stress coping strategies scale, and self-efficacy scale were measured for a sample of 462 freshmen attending D University located in Chungcheong. First, according to the results of correlation analysis, neuroticism and self-efficacy showed a negative correlation, and conscientiousness showed a positive correlation. Regarding the Big Five personality traits and stress coping strategies, conscientiousness showed a negative correlation with avoidance-orientation among stress coping strategies. Neuroticism showed a negative correlation with social support and problem solving-orientation among stress coping strategies. Second, according to the results of analyzing the mediating effects of self-efficacy through hierarchical regression analysis, self-efficacy exerted partial mediating effects only in correlation between neuroticism and avoidance-orientation. This study is significant in its anticipation of undergraduates' stress coping, personality factors can be usefully employed as psychological constructs, and particularly, when an undergraduate reveals the neuroticism factor, which is one of the predictors for mental health, and the tendencies of avoidance among stress coping strategies, educational interventions for self-efficacy are needed to reduce their mental stress.

Keywords

Neurosis;Diligence;Stress Coping Strategies;Self-Efficacy;College students

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