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The Effect of Social Supports, Psychological Behaviors, and Stress on the Depression Symptoms of College Students -Validation of Casual Model using Covariance Structure Analysis-

대학생의 사회적지지, 심리적 행동특성 및 스트레스가 우울수준에 미치는 영향 -공분산구조분석에 의한 인과모델의 검증-

  • Park, Ui-Su (Department of Medical Administration Information, Daejeon Health Institute of Technology) ;
  • Cho, Young-Chae (Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, College of medicine, Chungnam National University)
  • 박의수 (대전보건대학교 의무행정정보과) ;
  • 조영채 (충남대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실)
  • Received : 2017.03.20
  • Accepted : 2017.06.09
  • Published : 2017.06.30

Abstract

This study examined the influence of social support (social support from family, social support from friends), psychological behavioral characteristics (self-esteem, interpersonal dependency, locus of control), and stress on the depression levels of college students. The study subjects were 546 college students in D city. The survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire in October 2015. As a result, the depression levels were significantly higher in the group showing lower family and friends' social support, self-esteem, and locus of control, while it was significantly higher in the group showing higher interpersonal dependency and stress. The depression levels of the subjects showed a negative correlation with family and friends' social support, self-esteem, and locus of control, but a positive correlation with interpersonal dependency and stress. Covariance structure analysis revealed an increase in the depression levels of college students when the awareness of the stress source was higher, and when the awareness of social support or psychological behavioral characteristics was lower. These results suggest that the depression levels of college students would be increased when the social support and psychological behavioral characteristics are low, and when stress is high. In particular, it was influenced much more by stress than other factors. Therefore, to decrease the depression levels of college students, it would be necessary to put efforts to understand their main stress sources and then reduce them.

Keywords

College student;Social support;Self-esteem;Interpersonal dependency;Locus of control;Stress;Depression

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 대전보건대학교

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