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College Students' Gambling Behavior: Mediating Effect of Self-Control and Multiple Group Analysis

대학생의 도박행동: 자기통제력의 매개효과 및 다집단 분석

  • Received : 2017.03.21
  • Accepted : 2017.06.09
  • Published : 2017.06.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to construct and test a structural equation model for college student's gambling behavior. A structured questionnaire was completed by 246 college students to analyze the relationships between perspective factors(irrational gambling belief), psychological factors(depression, anxiety), social factors(parental monitoring, parental support, friend support), self-control and gambling behavior. The moderating effects of gender, friends and family's gambling behaviors were examined. The data were analyzed using SPSS 21,0 and AMOS 20.0 programs. Self-control and psychological factors directly affected the college student's gambling behavior, while perspective factors and social factors affected it indirectly. The model fit indices of the modified model were suitable for the recommended levels. The overall study findings suggest the need to develop a gambling prevention program for college students that reinforces self-control, parental monitoring and support, and friend support while reducing irrational gambling belief, depression, and anxiety. An approach that considers gender and a development of a group counseling program for family or friends are also required.

Keywords

Anxiety;Depression;Gambling;Self-Control;Social support;Students

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