The Relationship between Perceived Social Support and Career Barriers among Out-of school Adolescents preparing for Qualification Examination for High School Degree: Mediating Effects of Alienation

고졸검정고시를 준비하는 학교 밖 청소년들이 지각한 사회적 지지와 진로장벽의 관계 : 소외감의 매개효과

  • Lee, Jung-Lim (Department of Counseling Psychology, The Graduate School of Peace Security & Counseling Psychology, Sangji University) ;
  • Cho, Young-A (Department of Counseling Psychology, The Graduate School of Peace Security & Counseling Psychology, Sangji University)
  • 이정림 (상지대학교 평화안보.심리대학원 상담심리학과) ;
  • 조영아 (상지대학교 평화안보.심리대학원 상담심리학과)
  • Received : 2017.04.14
  • Accepted : 2017.06.09
  • Published : 2017.06.30


Recently, the number of out-of-school adolescents has been increasing, and problems associated with their careers have become an important issue. This study was conducted to identify the relationship between the career barriers and perceived social support type/support source and to examine whether a sense of alienation mediates the relationship between perceived social support and career barriers among out-of-school adolescents preparing for the qualification examination for their high school degree. To accomplish this, a survey of 207 students from the Youth Support Center for out-of-school adolescents-K-Dream-and Qualification Examination Institute located in five regions (Seoul, Busan, Jeju, Gangwon, and Jeonla province) was conducted. Correlation analysis, regression analysis and the Sobel test were used to verify the relationships between variables and mediation effects. The results showed a significant negative correlation between social support and career barriers and a significant positive correlation between alienation and career barriers. Carrier barriers and alienation were highly correlated with parent support and evaluation support. Moreover, a sense of alienation was found to fully mediate the relationship between parental support/teacher support and career barriers, as well as to partially mediate the relationship between peer support and career barriers. A sense of alienation was found to fully mediate the relationship between information support/evaluation support/emotional support/material support and career barriers. These findings imply that, in out-of-school adolescents, career barriers can be reduced through various kinds of social support provided by peers, parents and teachers as it decreases the sense of alienation.


Career Barriers;Examination for high school Degree;Out-of-school Adolescent;Sense of Alienation;Social Support


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