A Study on the AncientJade by Analyzing 'Gui', 'Bi', and 'Hwang' Recorded in 『Zhouli』

『주례(周禮)』에 기록된 고옥(古玉) '규(圭)·벽(璧)·황(璜)'에 관한 연구

  • Park, Na Na (Dept. of Fashion design, Sungkyunkwan University) ;
  • Cho, Woo Hyun (Dept. of Fashion design, Sungkyunkwan University)
  • 박나나 (성균관대학교 의상학과) ;
  • 조우현 (성균관대학교 의상학과)
  • Received : 2017.04.10
  • Accepted : 2017.06.16
  • Published : 2017.06.30


This study aims to investigate the role and function of costume in the ancient society by analyzing the jade decorations, 'Gui', 'Bi', and 'Hwang,' recorded in "Zhouli". The method of study consisted of researching the record book "Zhouli" and comparing the antiquities with the images of the jades. Firstly, the jade decorations were different depending on class. The class system in Zhou dynasty was made up of 6 grades - emperor, duke, marquis, count, viscount, and baron. The jade decorations used by people in these grades were called 'Gui', 'Bi', and 'Hwang'. Secondly, this study grasped the system of 'Gui', 'Bi', and 'Hwang.' It identified 7 types of duties by matching the decorations on the jade to specific institutions. 'Gui', 'Bi', and 'Hwang' played a huge role in forming and maintaining to order and system during the chaotic Zhou dynasty. In addition, it became an essential part of understanding status, society, and political structure within a family power structure.


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