• Azandaryani, Morteza Mirzaee
  • Received : 2015.11.20
  • Published : 2017.07.01


Two standard Bessel sequences in a Hilbert $C^*$-module are approximately duals if the distance (with respect to the norm) between the identity operator on the Hilbert $C^*$-module and the operator constructed by the composition of the synthesis and analysis operators of these Bessel sequences is strictly less than one. In this paper, we introduce (a, m)-approximate duality using the distance between the identity operator and the operator defined by multiplying the Bessel multiplier with symbol m by an element a in the center of the $C^*$-algebra. We show that approximate duals are special cases of (a, m)-approximate duals and we generalize some of the important results obtained for approximate duals to (a, m)-approximate duals. Especially we study perturbations of (a, m)-approximate duals and (a, m)-approximate duals of modular Riesz bases.


Hilbert $C^*$-module;Bessel multiplier;approximate duality;modular Riesz basis


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