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남자 흡연 대학생의 금연 자기효능감, 우울 및 사회적 지지가 니코틴 의존도에 미치는 영향

Influence of Self- efficacy for Smoking Cessation, Depression, Social Support and Nicotine Dependency in the College Male Smoker

  • 투고 : 2017.03.16
  • 심사 : 2017.06.20
  • 발행 : 2017.06.28

초록

본 연구는 남자 흡연 대학생의 금연 자기효능감, 우울 및 사회적지지가 니코틴 의존도에 미치는 영향을 파악하기 위한 서술적 조사연구이다. 경북지역 2개 대학교 남학생 149명 대상으로 2016년 9월 7일~18까지 설문조사 하였고, SPSS 22.0을 사용해 서술통계, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, multiple regression으로 분석하였다. 남자 흡연 대학생의 일반적 특성 및 흡연관련 특성 중 학년 및 전공계열에 따라 니코틴 의존도가 유의한 차이를 보였다. 니코틴 의존도는 금연 자기효능감(r=-.54, p<.001), 사회적지지(r=-.26, p=.001)와 음의 상관관계를, 우울(r=.33, p<.001)과는 양의 상관관계를 나타냈다. 니코틴 의존도에 영향을 미치는 변수는 금연 자기효능감(${\beta}=-.48$, p<.001), 우울(${\beta}=.17$ p=.027)로 나타났고, 이들 변수의 니코틴 의존도에 대한 설명력은 34%이었다. 결론적으로, 남자 흡연 대학생을 위한 금연중재프로그램 적용 시 금연 자기효능감을 증진시키고, 우울을 감소시키는 방안이 필요하다.

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