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A literature therapy program based on positive psychology Impact on elementary school students' happiness

긍정심리학에 기반한 문학치료 프로그램이 초등학생의 행복에 미치는 영향

  • Baek, Hyeon-Gi (The Institute of Mind Humanities, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Kang, Jung-Hwa (Center for Teaching and Learning, Vision College of Jeonju)
  • 백현기 (원광대학교 마음인문연구소) ;
  • 강정화 (전주비전대학교 교수학습개발센터)
  • Received : 2017.05.03
  • Accepted : 2017.06.20
  • Published : 2017.06.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to verify the effect of positive psychology-based literacy therapy program on elementary school students' happiness by constructing a literature therapy program based on positive psychology. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the program, the experiment group and the control group were subjected to the pre - test. The same test as that carried out in the test was conducted. The pre - and post - scores of experimental group and control group were compared and analyzed by independent sample t-test. The results of this study were as follows. First, literature therapy programs based on positive psychology were found to be effective in improving elementary school students' happiness (t = 10.175, p <.001). Second, the effects of positive psychology - based literacy therapy programs on self - esteem, optimism, friendship, and family environment were found to affect all four factors (t = 5.720, p <.001). Therefore, the children tend to equate themselves with the person in the book, so that the short and concise sentence of the poem can convey emotion and emotion to the child.

Keywords

Positive psychology;Happiness index;Self esteem;Optimism;Friendship;Home environment

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)

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