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개인특성, 환경특성, 스마트폰특성이 대학생의 스마트폰 중독정도 및 일상생활의 변화에 미치는 영향력 분석

The Effects of Personal, Environmental, SmartPhone Characteristics Factors on the SmartPhone Addiction Degrees and Daily Life of University Students

  • 안현숙 (경북대학교 컴퓨터학부 프라임사업단)
  • Ahn, Hyun-Sook (School of Computer Science and Engineering, Kyungpook National University)
  • 투고 : 2017.04.05
  • 심사 : 2017.06.20
  • 발행 : 2017.06.28

초록

본 연구는 스마트폰 중독에 영향을 미치는 요인을 개인특성, 환경 특성, 스마트폰 특성으로 나누어 이러한 특성이 스마트폰 중독정도 및 일상생활의 변화에 미치는 영향력을 살펴보는 것이다. 본 연구목적을 달성하기 위하여 스마폰 사용이 일상화되어 있어 스마트폰 중독에 쉽게 노출되어 있는 대학생들을 대상으로 설문을 수행하였다. 총 370부의 설문지를 회수하여 SPSS와 SmartPLS 2.0을 활용하여 구조방정식 모형으로 연구가설을 검정하였다. 분석결과, 첫째, 개인 특성 중 유능감과 관계성이 높을수록 스마트폰 중독에 부(-)의 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 환경 특성 중 사회적 영향이 클수록 스마트폰 중독에 정(+)의 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 스마트폰 특성 중 편재성은 스마트폰 중독에 정(+)의 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 마지막으로 스마트폰 중독정도에 따라 일상생활의 변화에 긍정적 및 부정적인 정(+)의 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구의 결과는 스마트폰의 부정적인 측면만을 부각시켜 무조건 억제할 것이 아니라 스마트폰 중독정도에 따라 예방하고 개선할 수 있는 프로그램 개발을 위한 기초자료가 될 것으로 보인다.

키워드

스마트폰 중독;대학생;일상생활;긍정적 영향;부정적 영향

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 한국연구재단

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