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Arthropod Diversity in Walnut Orchards

호두나무 포장 내 절지동물의 다양성

  • Jung, Jong-Kook (Division of Insect Pests and Disease, National Institute of Forest Science) ;
  • Lee, Hyoseok (Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Seung Kyu (Division of Insect Pests and Disease, National Institute of Forest Science) ;
  • Koh, Sanghyun (Division of Insect Pests and Disease, National Institute of Forest Science)
  • 정종국 (국립산림과학원 산림병해충연구과) ;
  • 이효석 (서울대학교 농업생명과학연구원) ;
  • 이승규 (국립산림과학원 산림병해충연구과) ;
  • 고상현 (국립산림과학원 산림병해충연구과)
  • Received : 2016.12.07
  • Accepted : 2017.04.07
  • Published : 2017.06.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the community structure of arthropods, including various insect pests and their natural enemies, in walnut orchards. Furthermore, we tried to compare the species richness and community structure of arthropods by three different sampling methods, including beating, funnel trap, and pitfall trap. Arthropods were surveyed in three walnut orchards located at Gimcheon, Buyeo, and Hwaseong in South Korea from May to September, 2016. A total of 408 arthropod species were identified from 4,372 individuals, and 63 species were collected in all study sites. The species richness was the highest in funnel trap, while the abundance was the highest in pitfall trap. The species composition of the insects collected by the beating method was more similar to that of the funnel trap than the pitfall trap. Although the distributions of the economically important pests were different according to the study sites, six species, including Dichocrocis punctiferalis, Pseudaulacaspis pentagona, Gastrolina depressa, Lycorma delicatula, Metcalfa pruinosa, and Pochazia shantungensis, are the potentially important pests in walnut orchards. We also found a variety of predators and parasitoids, which will be important for walnut pest management.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 조경 및 임산소득 수종 병해충의 발생특성 구명 및 방제법 개발

Supported by : 국립산림과학원

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