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Factors Related Self-Care Behavior among Liver Cirrhosis Patients: Focusing on Disease Knowledge and Family Support

간경변증 환자의 자가간호 행동 관련 요인: 질병 지식과 가족지지를 중심으로

  • Park, HaeJin (Department of Nursing, Ulsan University Hospital) ;
  • Shin, Yeonghee (College of Nursing Keimyung University Research Institute for Nursing)
  • 박해진 (울산대학교병원 간호부) ;
  • 신영희 (계명대학교간호대학.계명간호과학연구소)
  • Received : 2017.02.10
  • Accepted : 2017.05.12
  • Published : 2017.05.31

Abstract

This study examined the associations among the factors related to self-care behavior in patients with liver cirrhosis, focusing on disease knowledge and family support. The subjects were 120 liver cirrhosis patients recruited from the medical out-patient clinic of ageneral hospital in the U metropolitan city during the period of June-August, 2015. The data were analyzed with SPSS(Version 21) program. The results showed that the average scores of disease knowledge was $12.64{\pm}2.16$ out of 18; family support was $23.28{\pm}5.68$ out of 32; and self-care behavior was $35.66{\pm}8.67$ out of 60. The study subjects had moderate levels of disease knowledge and family support, but low levels of self-care behavior. The data showedthat self-care behavior was positively correlated with disease knowledge (r=0.675, p<0.001) and family support (r=0.804, p<0.001) of the subjects. The best predictors for self-care behavior were family support, disease knowledge, frequency of alcohol consumption per week, having liver cirrhosis patients among family or relatives, and educational level, which accounted for 69.7% of the variance. In conclusion, promoting the self-care behavior of liver cirrhosis patients should be planned based on a consideration of the patient's educational level, knowledge of their own disease, and family support.

Keywords

Alcohol drinking;Knowledge;Liver cirrhosis;Self-care;Social support

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