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Analysis of Health Behavioral Factors affecting to the Interest in Smoking Cessation among Male Smokers using the Health Belief Model

건강믿음모형(Health Belief Model)을 이용한 남성 흡연자의 금연에 대한 관심도를 규정하는 건강행동요인 분석

  • Shin, Taek-Soo (Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Chungnam National University) ;
  • Cho, Young-Chae (Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Chungnam National University School of Medicine)
  • 신택수 (충남대학교 대학원 보건학과) ;
  • 조영채 (충남대학교 의학전문대학원 예방의학교실)
  • Received : 2017.02.15
  • Accepted : 2017.05.12
  • Published : 2017.05.31

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between the interest in smoking cessation and factors that define the interest in smoking cessation. The study subjects were 593 male civil servants who worked at D metropolitan city, and were smokers at the time of the survey. The research method was a survey using a self-administered questionnaire in October 2015. As a result, the interest in smoking cessation showed a positive correlation with the cues to action for smoking cessation, recognition of susceptibility for lung cancer, recognition of the seriousness for lung cancer, and benefits to the practice of action on smoking cessation. With the analysis of the covariance structure, the benefits and barriers to the practice of action on smoking cessation were the largest factors increasing the interest of smoking cessation, followed by the order of recognition of susceptibility and seriousness for lung cancer, cues to action for smoking cessation, and social support network. These results suggest that the cancer prevention effect due to smoking and the awareness of the seriousness of the health problems caused by smoking were the factors increasing interest in smoking cessation. Therefore, it is very important that education on quitting smoking for male smokers be continued to better understand the factors leading to an increase in smoking.

Keywords

Health Belief Model;Smoker;Smoking cessation;Lung cancer;Health behavioral factor

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