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Research Trends in Vocational Rehabilitation: Through Analysis of Studies in American Journal of Occupational Therapy

미국작업치료학회지(AJOT)에 나타난 직업재활에 관한 연구동향

  • Noh, Dong-hee (Dept. of Health Science and Technology, Graduate School of Inje University) ;
  • Jo, Eun-Ju (Workers' Compensation and Welfare Service Changwon Hospital) ;
  • Kam, Kyung-Yoon (Dept. of Occupational Therapy, Inje University)
  • 노동희 (인제대학교 대학원 융합의과학과) ;
  • 조은주 (근로복지공단 창원병원) ;
  • 감경윤 (인제대학교 작업치료학과)
  • Received : 2017.02.09
  • Accepted : 2017.05.12
  • Published : 2017.05.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the research trends related to work rehabilitation in the field of occupational therapy based on studies published in the American Journal of Occupational Therapy (AJOT). Thirty five articles in the AJOT from January, 2000, to June, 2016, were reviewed. Descriptive statistics were used to classify the articles according to their study methodology, evidence level, study subjects, and so on. When they were categorized according to the study methodology, eight studies (22.9%) were published as review or meta-analyses and 7 studies (20%) as qualitative and naturalistic inquiries. Group comparison/correlational and experimental outcome methods were used in 4 studies (11.4%). 3 studies (8.6%) were conducted using a case study/single-subject design or survey. 14 studies (40.0%) were evidence level V ones and 7 studies (33.3%) dealt with mental illness. When they were classified according to the study subjects, 25 studies (71.4%) were related to the work-rehabilitation process and 10 studies (28.6%) were related to the meaning and value of work. Through this study, we were able to determine the main research trends, study methodology, study participants, and evidence level related to vocational rehabilitation in the field of occupational therapy. Additionally, it is necessary to examine studies in the field of vocational rehabilitation, which have a high level of evidence and include various kinds of participants, as well as the process of vocational rehabilitation.

Keywords

AJOT;Occupational Therapy;Research Trends;Vocational Rehabilitation;Work

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