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Effects of Occupational Therapeutic Craft Activity on improvement cognitive function and hand function in acute patients with stroke

수공예 작업치료 프로그램 활동이 급성기 뇌졸중 환자의 손 기능에 미치는 효과

  • Jang, Tae-Yong (Dept. of Occupational Therapy, Graduate School of Inje University) ;
  • Park, Bo-Ra (Dept. of Occupational Therapy, Choonhae College of Health Sciences) ;
  • Yang, Yeong-Ae (Dept. of Occupational Therapy, College of Healthcare Medical Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Inje University/Elderly Life Free Design Research Institute, Inje University)
  • 장태용 (인제대학교 일반대학원 작업치료학과) ;
  • 박보라 (춘해보건대학교 작업치료과) ;
  • 양영애 (인제대학교 보건의료융복합대학 작업치료학과/인제대학교 고령자라이프리디자인연구소)
  • Received : 2017.04.03
  • Accepted : 2017.05.12
  • Published : 2017.05.31

Abstract

This study investigatedwhether occupational therapeutic craft activity improves cognitive function and hand function in patients with acute stroke, with the hope of providing clinically useful results for further studies. From March 2016 to November 2016, thirty acute patients with stroke at A general hospital and B rehabilitation hospital in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do, Korea were enrolled and randomly divided into two groups. One group was treated with occupational therapeutic craft activity,and the other general exercise. The subjects performed each activity for 30 minutestwice weekly, for four weeks. To test the effect of intervention, hand function was tested with the Box & Block Test and the Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test.Cognitive function measures were the NCSE and Trail-Making Test. Over the four weeks of treatment activities, in the occupational therapeutic craft activity group, hand function measures(p<.05) increased significantly,as did cognitive function measures(p<.05). This study shows that occupational therapeutic craft activity improves hand function and cognitive function effectively in patients with acute stroke. Occupational therapeutic craft activity programscan be based on this study to prepare intervention programs for further studies with acute stroke patients.

Keywords

Hand function;Cognition function;Craft;Stroke;Patient

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