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Physical and Mental Health Status and Its Related Factors among Centenarians in Korea

100세 이상 고령자의 신체적·정신적 건강수준 및 관련 요인

  • 송영수 (국민건강보험공단) ;
  • 김태백 (국민건강보험공단) ;
  • 배남규 (국민건강보험공단) ;
  • 김기향 (한국보건산업진흥원) ;
  • 조영채 (충남대학교 의학전문대학원 예방의학교실)
  • Received : 2017.01.31
  • Accepted : 2017.05.12
  • Published : 2017.05.31

Abstract

This study was performed to determine the level of physical health(ADL, IADL) and mental health (cognitive impairment, dementia) among centenarians and to find the related factors. The study subjects were 268 centenarians who received medical check-ups from the National Health Insurance Corporation during 2011-2014. From the results, the factors that significantly influenced the ADL of the study subjects were gender, residential area, IADL, cognitive impairment and dementia. ADL and cognitive impairment were selected as the influencing factors of IADL, smoking status, ADL and IADL were selected as the influencing factors of cognitive impairment, and gender and ADL were selected as the influencing factors of dementia. These results suggested that the levels of physical and mental health of the centenarians were significantly affected by socio-demographic characteristics and health-related variables. Especially, the levels of physical and mental health were decreased with the poor group of health-related variables such as smoking, alcohol drinking and regular exercise.

Keywords

Centenarian;ADL;IADL;Cognitive impairment;Dementia

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