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The Effects of Contingencies of Self-Worth(Superiority and Others' Approval) on College Students' Adjustment and Expectancy for Future Success: The Roles of Cognitive Flexibility as Mediators

자기가치감 수반성과 대학생활적응 및 미래성공기대와의 관계에서 인지적 유연성의 매개효과

  • Jung, Eun-Sun (Division of Teaching Profession, Halla University) ;
  • Ha, Jung-Hee (Graduate School of Counseling Psychology, Hanyang University) ;
  • Lee, Sung-Won (Hanyang Counseling Center, Hanyang University)
  • 정은선 (한라대학교 교직과정부) ;
  • 하정희 (한양대학교 상담심리대학원) ;
  • 이성원 (한양대학교 한양상담센터)
  • Received : 2017.04.10
  • Accepted : 2017.05.12
  • Published : 2017.05.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between contingencies of self-worth(superiority and others' approval), college adjustment and expectancy for future success and the mediating role of cognitive flexibility in these relationships. For this study, data from 460 college students were analyzed. The results were as follows. Contingencies of self-worth(superiority) were positively associated with college adjustment and expectancy for future success, while contingencies of self-worth(others' approval) were negatively associated with college adjustment and expectancy for future success. Second, the results of structural equation modeling indicated that cognitive flexibility fully mediated the relationship of contingencies of self-worth (superiority and others' approval) with college adjustment and expectancy for future success. Third, even the contingencies of self-worth(other's approval) were negatively associated with cognitive flexibility, and if the latter was high, it influenced college adjustment and expectancy for future success. Finally, the meanings and limitations of this research and implicationsfor counseling strategies and interventions were discussed in detail.

Keywords

contingencies of self-worth(superiority, others' approval);college adjustment;cognitive flexibility;expectancy for future success

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