Examination of the moderating effect of age on the relationship between regulatory focus and happiness

조절초점과 행복감 간의 관계에 대한 연령의 조절효과 분석

  • Kwak, Yun Jung (Department of Counseling Psychology, Sejong Cyber University)
  • 곽윤정 (세종사이버대학교 상담심리학과)
  • Received : 2016.04.05
  • Accepted : 2017.05.12
  • Published : 2017.05.31


People's interest in how to lead a happy life when they get older is increasing because of the extension of life span due to thedevelopment of medical technology. Factors that can affect happiness or the strength of the influence of those factors may vary according to age. Previous studies, have found that individuals with promotion focus are more likely to experience happiness than those with prevention focus. However, whether this effect of regulatory focus on happiness is consistent regardless of age has not been sufficiently investigated. Therefore, 1,250 Korean adults from each age group and residence were randomly selected as thesample, and the moderating effect of age on the relationship between regulatory focus and subjective well-being was examined. The results indicated that promotion focus and age have a significant interaction effect on subjective well-being, while the interaction effect of prevention focus and age was not significant. More concretely, the positive effects of promotion focus on life satisfaction and affective balance grew stronger with increasing age. This finding implies that it is especially important for old adults to use promotion focus by actively setting challenging goals and motivating themselves to gain a sense of accomplishment to experience subjective well-being. In addition, social support is proposed as being especially important to activate their promotion focus.


affective balance;age;happiness;life satisfaction;moderating effect;prevention focus;promotion focus;Regulatory focus;subjective well-being


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