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Effects of Death Preparation Education on Nursing Students' Perceptions about the Meaning of Life, Death and Well-dying and Hospice

죽음준비교육이 간호학생들의 생의 의미, 죽음과 웰다잉, 호스피스에 대한 인식에 미치는 효과

  • 변도화 (가톨릭상지대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 박미현 (포항대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2017.01.23
  • Accepted : 2017.05.12
  • Published : 2017.05.31

Abstract

This study, a non-equal prior and post quasi-experimental research on a control group, investigates the nursing students' change of perception on the meaning of life, death, well-dying and hospice in order to elucidate its effect. The study subjects were 38 students registered in the Department of Nursing Science in C University located in A city as the experimental group and another 36 students registered in the Department of Nursing Science in P University in P city as the control group. Death preparation education was conducted from February 29 through April 20, 2016. A 90-minute session was conducted each week for eight weeks and the data were analyzed by $x^2-test$ and t-test. In line with four domains of death education, i.e., cognition, emotion, practice and value, death preparation education was composed by imparting meaning to life and focusing on the perception on death, well-dying and hospice. From the study results, death preparation education enhanced nursing students' perception on the meaning of life, well-dying and hospice, and hence helped nursing students grant meaning to their lives and establish right values of life. Thus, it acted as a driving force for nursing students to live positive lives and is expected to be utilized as useful education which cultivates right perception on well-dying and hospice. However, in the absence of any significant difference in perception of death, repeated follow-up studies are required to verify the effect on the perception on death and the change in the perception of well-dying depending on the period of application.

Keywords

Death;Hospice Care;Life;Nursing;Perception;Students

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