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Instant noodle consumption is associated with cardiometabolic risk factors among college students in Seoul

  • Huh, In Sil (Seoul National University Medical Research Center) ;
  • Kim, Hyesook (Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Jo, Hee Kyung (Seoul National University Health Service Center) ;
  • Lim, Chun Soo (Seoul National University Health Service Center) ;
  • Kim, Jong Seung (Seoul National University Health Service Center) ;
  • Kim, Soo Jin (Health Promotion Center, Chung-Ang University Hospital) ;
  • Kwon, Oran (Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Oh, Bumjo (Department of Family Medicine, SMG - SNU Boramae Medical Center) ;
  • Chang, Namsoo (Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University)
  • Received : 2017.02.28
  • Accepted : 2017.05.01
  • Published : 2017.06.01

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Increased consumption of instant noodles has recently been reported to be positively associated with obesity and cardiometabolic syndrome in South Korea, which has the highest per capita instant noodle consumption worldwide. This study aimed to investigate the association between instant noodle consumption and cardiometabolic risk factors among college students in Seoul. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study subjects consisted of 3,397 college students (1,782 male; 1,615 female) aged 18-29 years who participated in a health checkup. Information on instant noodle consumption was obtained from the participants' answers to a question about their average frequency of instant noodle intake over the 1 year period prior to the survey. RESULTS: Statistical analysis using a general linear model that adjusted for age, body mass index, gender, family income, health-related behaviors, and other dietary factors important for cardiometabolic risk, showed a positive association between the frequency of instant noodle consumption and plasma triglyceride levels, diastolic blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose levels in all subjects. Compared to the group with the lowest frequency of instant noodle intake (${\leq}1/month$), the odds ratio for hypertriglyceridemia in the group with an intake of ${\geq}3/week$ was 2.639 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.393-5.000] for all subjects, while it was 2.149 (95% CI, 1.045-4.419) and 5.992 (95% CI, 1.859-21.824) for male and female students, respectively. In female students, diastolic blood pressure was also higher among more frequent consumers of instant noodles. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that frequent consumption of instant noodles may be associated with increased cardiometabolic risk factors among apparently healthy college students aged 18-29 years.

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