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Cleaning Method for Selective Removal of Stains from Historic Textiles and Stains Change by Long Period Storage -Focused on Blood Soil-

복식유물 오구의 선택적 제거를 위한 세척방법 및 장기간 보관에 따른 오구 변화 -혈액오구를 중심으로-

  • Roh, Eui Kyung (Dept. of Clothing & Textiles, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Ryu, Hyo-Seon (Dept. of Textiles, Merchandising and Fashion Design, Seoul National University) ;
  • Chae, Jeongmin (Seok Juseon Memorial Museum of Dankook University)
  • 노의경 (전북대학교 의류학과) ;
  • 유효선 (서울대학교 의류학과) ;
  • 채정민 (단국대학교 석주선기념박물관)
  • Received : 2017.01.23
  • Accepted : 2017.03.08
  • Published : 2017.04.30

Abstract

This study evaluates a cleaning method to maintain and minimize the change of blood soil for the selective removal of stains from textiles with historical significance and special meaning. Cotton and silk fabrics were soiled with blood, aged artificially and then washed by wet cleaning or dry cleaning (water, nonionic surfactant; Triton, natural surfactant; saponin, organic solvent; n-Decane). The washed fabrics were stored at room temperature for four years. The change of the blood soil was evaluated by SEM, weight, thickness, and color differences. Subsequently, the shape and the amount of blood adsorption on the fabric varied depending on fiber type and fabric structure characteristics; in addition, long term storage affected changes to blood soil. It was difficult to remove artificially aged blood soil from fabrics by wet or dry cleaning. However, the changes of the blood soil by these cleanings can be explained by the changes on SEM, weight, thickness and fabric color. The changes (especially color) showed over time. Wet cleaning showed that the changes of those factors were slightly lower than those by dry cleaning.

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