Correlation Analysis between Dynamic Wheel-Rail Force and Rail Grinding

차륜-레일 상호작용력과 레일연마의 상관관계 분석

  • Received : 2016.12.27
  • Accepted : 2017.02.27
  • Published : 2017.04.30


In this study, the influences of rail surface roughness on dynamic wheel-rail forces currently employed in conventional lines were assessed by performing field measurements according to grinding of rail surface roughness. The influence of the grinding effect was evaluated using a previous empirical prediction model for dynamic wheel-rail forces; model includes first-order derivatives of QI (Quality Index) and vehicle velocity. The theoretical dynamic wheel-rail force determined using the previous prediction equation was analyzed using the QI, which decreased due to rail grinding as determined through field measurements. At a constant track support stiffness, an increase in the QI caused an increase in dynamic wheel-rail forces. Further, it can be inferred that the results of dynamic wheel-rail analysis obtained using the measured data, such as the variation of QI due to rail grinding, can be used to predict the peak dynamic forces. Therefore, it is obvious that the optimum amount of rail grinding can be determined by considering the QI, that was regarding an operation characteristics of the target track (vehicle velocity and wheel load).


Rail surface roughness;Dynamic wheel-rail forces;Quality index of rail surface (QI);Rail grinding;train speed


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