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아시아 대륙, 동아시아, 대한민국을 대상으로 다른 공간적 규모의 기후변화시나리오 예측 비교

Comparing climate projections for Asia, East Asia and South Korea

  • 투고 : 2017.01.01
  • 심사 : 2017.04.16
  • 발행 : 2017.04.30

초록

우리나라의 많은 기후변화 관련 영향 평가 연구들이 기상청에서 제공하는 기후변화 시나리오를 이용하고 있지만, 하나의 기후 시나리오로 기후변화의 잠정적인 영향을 정확히 예측하기에는 한계가 있다. 본 연구는 세 가지의 지역적 스케일 - 아시아 대륙, 동아시아 6개국, 대한민국- 을 대상으로 두 가지 대표농도경로 시나리오에서 17개의 지역기후모델을 이용하여 현재와 2070년의 연간 최저 온도와 연간 강수량의 차이를 확인하였다. 대한민국의 경우 최저온도 증가량의 범위는 아시아 규모보다 작았으며 강수량 차이에 대한 편차는 아시아 규모보다 컸다. 최저온도 증가범위는 $1.3^{\circ}C$에서 $5.2^{\circ}C$이며, 연간 강수량 차이는 -42.4 mm (-3.2%) 에서 +389.8 mm (+ 29.6%) 로 기상청의 기후변화 시나리오는 긍정적 기후 시나리오의 예측값에 가까운 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 기후변화 및 관련 영향 평가 연구들은 다양한 기후변화 시나리오를 이용하여 그 예측 범위에 대비할 필요가 있으며, 본 연구 결과에 따라 GFDL-CM3와 INMCM4의 두 가지 기후모델을 이용하여 우리나라의 지구 온난화에 대한 잠정적인 영향을 평가하기를 권한다.

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : Korea Ministry of Environment

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