DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Knowledge, attitude and confidence on patient safety management among emergency medical technician students

응급구조과 학생의 환자안전에 대한 지식 및 태도가 환자안전관리 자신감에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2017.02.27
  • Accepted : 2017.04.17
  • Published : 2017.04.30

Abstract

Purpose: This study evaluated the effects of knowledge and attitude on confidence about patient safety management among emergency medical technician (EMT) students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 174 EMT students in two cities from May to June 2016. Data were analyzed using PASW WIN 20.0 for descriptive statistics, t-test, one way analysis of variance, and hierarchical multiple regression. Results: The students' confidence about patient safety management was 3.33 (on a 5-point scale). Confidence varied according to average academic grade (p=.015), experience in patient safety education, and experience in writing medical error reports. After adjusting for sex, average academic grade, and experience in patient safety education, knowledge and attitudes about patient safety increased a student's confidence in patient safety management by 19%. Conclusion: Patient safety education should be included in programs on health promotion and be provided as basic information in intervention programs for EMTs.

References

  1. National Patient Safety Foundation. Patient safety dictionary N-Z [Internet]. [cited 2017 March 30]. Available from: https://npsf.site-ym.com/?page=dictionarynz
  2. Korea Institute for Healthcare Accreditation. Survey process guide for hospital accreditation (version 2.0); 2014.
  3. Kim EK, Jung YI, Whang JI, Whang JW, & Shin HH. Patient safety and information protection.Seoul: Innomax; 2008.
  4. Jeong J, Seo YJ, Nam EW. Factors affecting patient safety management activities at nursing divisions of two university hospitals. Kor J Hosp Manage 2006;11(1):91 -109.
  5. Kim IS, Park MJ, Park MY, Yoo H, Choi J. Factors affecting the perception of importance and practice of patient safety management among hospital employees in Korea. Asian Nurs Res 2013;7(1):26-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2013.01.001 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2013.01.001
  6. Kim EK, Kang MA, Kim, HJ. Experience and perception on patient safety culture of employees in hospitals. J Kor Acad Nurs Admin 2007;13(3):321-34.
  7. Yeun YR. The impact of healthcare accreditation on patient safety and quality, job satisfaction and organizational commitment: about a general hospital. J Korea Acad-Ind Coop Soc 2013;14(4):1820-9. https://doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.4.1820 https://doi.org/10.5762/KAIS.2013.14.4.1820
  8. Kang MA, Kim JE, An KE, Kim Y, Kim SW. Physicians' perception of and attitudes towards patient safety culture and medical error reporting. Kor J Health Policy & Administration 2005;15(4):110-35. https://doi.org/10.4332/KJHPA.2005.15.4.110
  9. Choi JH, Lee KM, Lee MA. Relationship between hospital nurses' perceived patient safety culture and their safety care activity. J Kor Acad Fund Nurs 2010;17(1): 64-72.
  10. Chenot TM, Daniel LG. Frameworks for patient safety in the nursing curriculum. The J Nurs Educ 2010;49(10):559-68. https://doi.org/10.3928/01484834-20100730-02 https://doi.org/10.3928/01484834-20100730-02
  11. Park JH. Knowledge, attitude, and confidence on skill of nursing students toward patient safety. Unpublished master's thesis, Keimyung University 2011, Daegu, Korea.
  12. Kim YH, Roh HR. Students' perception of their achievement of clinical competency for patient safety. Kor J Med Educ 2007;19 (3):207-14. https://doi.org/10.3946/kjme.2007.19.3.207
  13. Faul F, Erdfelder E, Lang AG, Buchner A. G*Power: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods 2007;37(2):175-91. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03193146 https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03193146
  14. Son SH. A study on nursing students' knowledge, attitude, confidence in performance and practice in safety management. Unpublished master's thesis, Keimyung University 2016, Daegu, Korea.
  15. Smith SA, Yount N, Sorra J. Exploring relationships between hospital patient safety culture and consumer reports safety scores. BMC Health Serv Res 2017;17:143. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-017-2078-6 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-017-2078-6
  16. Choi, SJ. Development and evaluation of learning transfer based patient safety education program for new nurse. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Korea University 2014, Seoul, Korea.
  17. Park MJ, Kim IS, Ham YL. Development of a perception of importance on patient safety management scale (PI-PSM) for hospital employee. J Korea Contents Assoc 2013;13(5):332-41. https://doi.org/10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.05.332 https://doi.org/10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.05.332
  18. Whitehair L, Provost S, Hurley J. Identification of prescribing errors by pre-registration student nurses: A cross-sectional observational study utilising a prescription medication quiz. Nurse Education Today 2014;34(2):225-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2012.12.010 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2012.12.010
  19. Mayer D, Klamen DL, Gunderson A, Barach P. Designing a patient safety undergraduate medical curriculum: The telluride interdisciplinary roundtable experience. Teach Learn Med 2009;21(1):52-8. https://doi.org/10.1080/10401330802574090 https://doi.org/10.1080/10401330802574090
  20. Henneman EA, Roche JP, Fisher DL, Cunningham H, Reilly CA, Nathanson BH, et al. Error identification and recovery by student nurses using human patient simulation: opportunity to improve patient safety. Applied Nur Res 2010;23(1):11-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2008.02.004 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2008.02.004
  21. Abbott AA, Fuji KT, Galt KA, Paschal KA. How baccalaureate nursing students value an interprofessional patient safety course for professional development. ISRN Nursing 2012: Article ID 401358. https://doi.org/10.5402/2012/401358 https://doi.org/10.5402/2012/401358