Health status and health management program participation of 119 emergency medical technicians

119 구급대원의 건강상태 및 건강관리 프로그램 운영 실태

  • Hwang, Ji-Young (Department of Emergency Medical Service, Daejeon University) ;
  • Cho, Keun-Ja (Department of Emergency Medical Service, Kongju National University)
  • 황지영 (대전대학교 응급구조학과) ;
  • 조근자 (공주대학교 응급구조학과)
  • Received : 2017.03.21
  • Accepted : 2017.04.17
  • Published : 2017.04.30


Purpose: This study investigated the health status and health management program of 119 emergency medical technicians (EMTs). Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 794 EMTs in two cities from November 15 to December 20, 2016. The questionnaire collected the general characteristics of the subjects (10 items) and health-related information from 119 EMTs (14 items). Data were analyzed by using SPSS 23.0. Results: The mean value for the general health status of the 119 EMTs was 2.68. The general health status was lower for female 119 EMTs, older 119 EMTs, and married 119 EMTs; it was higher for 119 EMTs with more than 5 years of experience and for 119 EMTs with diseases. The mean value for work-related fatigue of the 119 EMTs was 3.26. This value was higher for female 119 EMTs (p<.05). 119 EMTs with more than 2 years of experience, and 119 EMTs with diseases (p<.01). The correlation between health program participation and general health status was significantly positive (r=.271), whereas the correlation between health program participation and work-related fatigue was significantly negative (r=-.375). The correlation between health program participation and program satisfaction was significantly positive (r=-.770). Conclusion: It is important to develop health management program for 119 EMTs and to offer them at all times. Moreover, the health status of 119 EMTs can be increased through improvements to working environments.


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