A Meta-analysis of the effects of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training

심폐소생술 교육 효과에 대한 메타분석 연구

  • Yoou, Soon-Kyu (Department of Emergency Medical Services, Eulji University) ;
  • Lee, Ji-Eun (Department of Emergency Medical Services, Eulji University)
  • 유순규 (을지대학교 응급구조학과) ;
  • 이지은 (을지대학교 응급구조학과)
  • Received : 2017.03.17
  • Accepted : 2017.04.17
  • Published : 2017.04.30


Purpose: This study aimed to identify the effects of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training using a meta-analysis by effect size. Methods: The effect sizes for each variable and the overall effect size for the collected data were identified. The homogeneity verification of the effect size and the difference among the average effect sizes for each mediation variable were determined. Results: The overall average effect size for CPR training was 1.747. Homogeneity verification of the overall effect size was a Q-value of 3716.962, which was statistically significant (p=.000) when${\alpha}=.05$. CPR training showed statistically significant differences depending on age (p=.002), sex (p=.006), number of trainees (p=.000), research design (p=.000), training method (p=.027), and practical training tools (p=.000). Conclusion: CPR training can effectively improve knowledge, skills, and attitudes about CPR. The results of this meta-analysis contribute to the development of more effective educational guidelines for future CPR training and the advancement of the CPR education field.


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