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Comparisons of Cognitive Functions between Urban and Rural Dwelling Older Adults: A Preliminary Study

도시와 농촌거주 노인의 인지기능 비교: 예비연구

  • Kim, Jung Wan (Dept. of Speech Pathology, College of Rehabilitation Sciences, Deagu University) ;
  • Kang, Yeonwook (Dept. of Psychology, College of Social Sciences, Hallym University) ;
  • Yoon, Ji Hye (Dept. of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Audiology and Speech Pathology Research Institute, College of Natural Sciences, Hallym University)
  • 김정완 (대구대학교 언어치료학과) ;
  • 강연욱 (한림대학교 심리학과) ;
  • 윤지혜 (한림대학교 언어청각학부)
  • Received : 2016.11.25
  • Accepted : 2017.04.20
  • Published : 2017.04.28

Abstract

Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and naming tests have been used clinically as screening and diagnostic tools for mild cognitive impairment and dementia. Researches in other countries have reported that residential areas would affect one's cognitive abilities. In Korean, however, there was no systematic studies on geographical influences to cognitive ability among a sample of urban/rural residents. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of urban/rural locality of residence on cognitive tests in normal elderly Korean. Residents aged 65 years and older (N=108) were administered the K-MMSE, confrontation/generative naming tests, and medical/socio-demographic interview. When comparing the total number of correct responses between urban residents and rural residents, the performances of rural group were significantly worse than those of the urban group in K-MMSE. Based on the results, our finding suggests that a factor of residential locality should be considered to examine the function and explain the cognitive decline in rural community-dwelling elders.

Keywords

Elderly;Cognitive function;Naming;Urban;Rural

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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