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안전문(screen doors) 설치 이후 지하철 기관사의 직무스트레스와 정신건강과의 융복합적 관련성

Convergence Relationship between Job Stress and Mental Health of Subway Operators after the Installation of Screen Doors

  • 투고 : 2017.02.21
  • 심사 : 2017.04.20
  • 발행 : 2017.04.28

초록

본 연구는 서울시 소재 지하철 기관사 669명을 대상으로 안전문(screen doors) 설치 이후 직무스트레스 수준 및 직무스트레스와 정신건강과의 관련성을 파악하고자 실시하였다. 자료 수집은 구조화된 설문지로 웹 사이트에서 하였고, 자료 분석은 SPSS 20.0 통계프로그램을 이용하여 다중선형회귀분석을 실시하였다. 연구결과, 지하철 기관사의 직무스트레스 전체 점수는 기준 점수 보다 높았으며, 물리환경, 직무요구, 직무자율성 결여, 관계갈등 및 직장문화는 상위 50%에, 조직체계는 상위 25%에 해당되었다. 상관분석결과, 직무스트레스는 정신건강 하위영역 모두와 유의한 양의 상관관계로 나타났다. 직무스트레스가 정신건강에 미치는 영향에서는 직무요구, 조직체계, 보상부적절 및 직장문화에서 유의한 차이가 있었으며, 설명력은 36.6%이었다. 향후 지하철 기관사의 직무스트레스 예방을 위해 직무특성에 맞는 조직차원의 관리방안마련과 정신건강증진을 위한 중재프로그램의 개발 및 운영을 위한 근거마련의 자료로 활용하고자 한다.

키워드

지하철 기관사;직무스트레스;정신건강;건강관련특성;직무관련특성;융복합적 관련성

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