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A study on the Institutionalization of Speech-to-text Services for the Deaf People

난청인을 위한 문자통역서비스 제도화 연구

  • 전동일 (강원대학교 사회복지학과) ;
  • 서정민 (서울대학교 사회복지연구소)
  • Received : 2017.02.26
  • Accepted : 2017.04.20
  • Published : 2017.04.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to look at the way that speech-to-text (STT) services are used at present, and to explore measures to institutionalize such services for ease of communication for the hearing impaired. The results of this study show the following: 1) 17.8% of those surveyed had experience of using STT services, with younger individuals showing a higher rate of use; and 2) In terms of organizations providing STT services, social welfare organizations followed by civic groups (18.3%) and public organizations (18.3%). The following institutional measures are needed for STT services. First, STT services should be actively promoted as one of the reasonable conveniences defined in the 'Act on the Prohibition of Discrimination Against Disabled Persons, Remedy Against Infringement of Their Rights, etc.' Second, STT services should be additionally listed as one of the clauses of the 'Act on Welfare of Persons with Disabilities'. In particular, establishing a communication system for those with hearing impairments should serve as a catalyst for integration with sign language interpretation and welfare services. If STT services for face-to-face contacts can be improved or further enhanced using ICT, it will not only open the way for a new influx of disabled workers to join vocational rehabilitation, but also help to improve quality of life for the hearing impaired.

Keywords

Hearing loss;Deafness;Speech-to-text services;Institutionalization of speech-to-text services;Hearing impairment

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