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정부 및 공공기관에서의 빅데이터 활용에 대한 현황 및 실행방안 제안

The Status and Suggestions for Big Data Adaptation in the Government and the Public Agency

  • 변현수 (국립 한국교통대학교 행정학부)
  • Byeon, Hyeon-Su (Division of Public Administration, Korea National University of Transportation)
  • 투고 : 2017.01.03
  • 심사 : 2017.04.20
  • 발행 : 2017.04.28

초록

데이터의 저장량이 이전 보다 더욱 증가하고 있는데, 이는 정부와 기업은 물론이고 일반 사용자의 적극적인 참여에 기인하고 있다. 이러한 빅데이터 시대에는 정부 및 공공기관의 역할이 중요하게 부각되는데, 이들은 공공의 목적을 이유로 일반 개인의 정보에도 접근하여 그것을 다룰 수 있기 때문이다. 이에 본 연구에서는 빅데이터에 대한 현황과 대응방안을 국가별로 조사하여 몇 가지 시사점을 도출할 수 있었다. 연구결과 먼저 빅데이터와 관련된 인력 및 기술의 확보가 우선되어야 한다는 점을 들 수 있었다. 또한 정부와 민간 사이의 적극적인 공유와 개발노력이 동반되어야 한다는 것도 알 수 있었다. 그리고 데이터의 적재와 분석방법이 계속 발전되는 만큼 장기적인 전략 수립을 마련해야 한다는 점도 확인하였다. 결론적으로 빅데이터의 정책적 활용을 위해서는 데이터 관리의 중요성을 재인식하고, 개인정보 보호에 주력하여야 하며, 현실적용 능력을 배가시켜야 한다는 것을 시사점으로 제안하고자 한다.

키워드

빅데이터;정부;공공기관;정책;데이터 활용

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