Historical Development of Industrial Revolutions and the Place of So called 'the Fourth Industrial Revolution'

산업혁명의 역사적 전개와 4차 산업혁명론의 위상

  • 송성수 (부산대학교 물리교육과)
  • Received : 2017.10.04
  • Accepted : 2017.12.11
  • Published : 2017.12.30


The purpose of this paper lies in summing up the historical stream of industrial revolutions and inspecting the place of so called 'the Fourth Industrial Revolution' set off by 2016 World Economic Forum. This paper examined the development of the First Industrial Revolution, the Second Industrial Revolution, the Third Industrial Revolution, and extracted the characteristics of each industrial revolution. Consequently, this paper certificated the history of industrial revolutions perceived by participants concerning the Fourth Industrial Revolution is problematic with reference to core technology and starting time. In addition, this paper raised a question whether the Fourth Industrial Revolution is another new industrial revolution or not, suggested some conditions required to bring industrial revolution into existence. In conclusion, the Fourth Industrial Revolution discussed enthusiastically in recent times is a sort of working hypothesis, and it is necessary to make future vision appropriate to Korean situation.


Supported by : 부산대학교


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