Historical Development of Industrial Revolutions and the Place of So called 'the Fourth Industrial Revolution'

산업혁명의 역사적 전개와 4차 산업혁명론의 위상

  • 송성수 (부산대학교 물리교육과)
  • Received : 2017.10.04
  • Accepted : 2017.12.11
  • Published : 2017.12.30

Abstract

The purpose of this paper lies in summing up the historical stream of industrial revolutions and inspecting the place of so called 'the Fourth Industrial Revolution' set off by 2016 World Economic Forum. This paper examined the development of the First Industrial Revolution, the Second Industrial Revolution, the Third Industrial Revolution, and extracted the characteristics of each industrial revolution. Consequently, this paper certificated the history of industrial revolutions perceived by participants concerning the Fourth Industrial Revolution is problematic with reference to core technology and starting time. In addition, this paper raised a question whether the Fourth Industrial Revolution is another new industrial revolution or not, suggested some conditions required to bring industrial revolution into existence. In conclusion, the Fourth Industrial Revolution discussed enthusiastically in recent times is a sort of working hypothesis, and it is necessary to make future vision appropriate to Korean situation.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 부산대학교

References

  1. 김종현 (1984), 근대경제사, 경문사.
  2. 김종현 (2006), 영국 산업혁명의 재조명, 서울대학교출판부.
  3. 김종현 (2015), 경영사: 근대기업발전의 국제비교, 서울대학교출판문화원.
  4. 매일경제신문 편 (2000), 디지털 지식혁명, 매일경제신문사.
  5. 박기영 (2017), 제4차 산업혁명과 과학기술 경쟁력, 한울.
  6. 손화철 외 (2017), 4차 산업혁명이라는 거짓말, 북바이북.
  7. 송성수 (2007), 산업혁명기의 기술혁신에 미친 과학의 영향, 서양사론 제94호, 229-246쪽.
  8. 송성수 (2014), 기술혁신이란 무엇인가, 생각의 힘.
  9. 송성수 (2015), 사람의 역사, 기술의 역사 제2판, 부산대학교출판부.
  10. 송성수 (2017), 역사에서 배우는 산업혁명론: 제4차 산업혁명과 관련하여, STEPI Insight 제207호, 2017. 2. 1.
  11. 이영희 (1994), 포드주의와 포스트포드주의, 한울.
  12. 이인식 (2017), 4차 산업혁명은 없다, 살림.
  13. 전치형 (2017), 4차 산업혁명과 민주주의, 녹색평론 통권 제156호, 2017년 9-10월, 34-44쪽.
  14. 차명수 (1992), 산업혁명, 배영수 편, 서양사 강의, 한울아카데미, 305-336쪽.
  15. 클라우스 슈밥 (2016), 송경진 옮김, 클라우스 슈밥의 제4차 산업혁명, 새로운 현재.
  16. 클라우스 슈밥 외 (2016), 김진희 외 옮김, 4차 산업혁명의 충격, 흐름출판.
  17. 홍성욱 (2002), 네트워크 혁명, 그 열림과 닫힘, 들녘.
  18. 홍성욱 (2017), 정치적 유행어로서의 '4차 산업혁명', 에피 창간호, 50-69쪽.
  19. Bell, D. (1973), The Coming of Post-Industrial Society: A Venture in Social Forecasting, New York: Basic Books.
  20. Bell, D. (1989), "The Third Technological Revolution and Its Possible Socio-Economic Consequences", Dissent, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 163-176.
  21. BMBF (Bundesministerium fur Bildung und Forschung, 2013), Securing the Future of German Manufacturing Industry: Recommendations for Implementing the Strategic Initiative INDUSTRIE 4.0.
  22. Bunch, B. and A. Hellemans (1993), The Timetables of Technology, New York: Simon & Schuster.
  23. Chandler, A. D. (1977), The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  24. Chandler, A. D. (1990), Scale and Scope: The Dynamics of Industrial Capitalism, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  25. Clapham, J. H. (1926), An Economic History of Modern Britain: The Early Railway Age, 1820-1850, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  26. Cowan, R. S. (1983), More Work for Mother: The Ironies of Household Technology from the Open Hearth to the Microwave, New York: Basic Books.
  27. Cowan, R. S. (1997), A Social History of American Technology, New York: Oxford University Press [국역: 김명진 옮김, 미국 기술의 사회사 (궁리, 2012)].
  28. Davis, N. (2016), "What Is the Fourth Industrial Revolution?", Paper Presented at 2016 World Economic Forum, January 19, 2016.
  29. DFKI (Intelligente Lösungen für die Wissensgesellschaft, 2011), "Industrie 4.0: Mit dem Internet der Dinge auf dem Weg zur 4. industriellen Revolution".
  30. Galor, O. (2005), "From Stagnation to Growth: Unified Growth Theory", P. Aghion and S. Durlauf, eds., Handbook of Economic Growth, Vol. 1 (North-Holland: Elsevier), pp. 171-193.
  31. Geddes, P. (1910), Cities in Evolution, London: Williams & Norgate.
  32. Gerschenkron, A. (1962), Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  33. Gordon, R. J. (2016), The Rise and Fall of American Growth: The US Standard of Living since the Civil War, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press [국역: 이경남 옮김, 미국의 성장은 끝났는가 (생각의 힘, 2017)].
  34. Hughes, T. P. (1987), "The Evolution of Large Technological Systems", W. E. Bijker, et al (eds.), The Social Construction of Technological Systems, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 51-82.
  35. Hughes, T. P. (2004), American Genesis: A Century of Invention and Technological Enthusiasm, 2nd ed., Chicago: Chicago University Press [국역: 김명진 옮김, 현대 미국의 기원 총2권 (나남, 2017)].
  36. Hull, James (1999), "The Second Industrial Revolution: The History of a Concept", Storia Della Storiografia, Issue 36, pp. 81-90.
  37. Landes, D. S. (1969), The Unbound Prometheus: Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe from 1750 to the Present, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  38. Latour, B. (1983), "Give Me a Laboratory and I Will Raise the World", K. Knorr-Cetina and M. Mulkay, eds., Science Observed, Beverly Hills: Sage, pp. 141-170.
  39. Mantoux, P. (1906), La Revolution industrielle au XVIIIe siecle, Paris.
  40. Mathias, P. and J. Davis, eds. (1989), The First Industrial Revolutions, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  41. NSF (National Science Foundation, 2002), Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance, Washington D.C.: National Science Foundation.
  42. Ohmae, K. (1990), The Borderless World: Power and Strategy in the Interlinked Economy, New York: Harper Business.
  43. Richta, R., ed. (1969), Civilization at the Crossroads: Social and Human Implications of the Scientific and Technological Revolution, Prague: International Arts and Sciences Press.
  44. Rifkin, J. (2011), The Third Industrial Revolution: How Lateral Power is Transforming Energy, the Economy, and the World, New York: St. Martin's Press [국역: 안진환 옮김, 3차 산업혁명 (민음사, 2012)].
  45. Schwab, K. (2015), "The Fourth Industrial Revolution: What It means, How to Respond", Foreign Affairs, December 12, 2015 [국역: 서문: 4차 산업혁명의 도전과 기회, 클라우스 슈밥 외, 김진희 외 옮김, 4차 산업혁명의 충격 (흐름출판, 2016), 17-28쪽].
  46. Toffler, A. (1980), The Third Wave, New York: William Morrow Co. Ltd.