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A Study on the Fault Analysis for a Micro Smart Grid Simulator Design Using MEMS' Miniaturization Technology

MEMS의 소형화 기술을 이용한 마이크로 스마트 그리드 시뮬레이터 설계를 위한 고장해석법에 대한 연구

  • Received : 2017.01.29
  • Accepted : 2017.04.24
  • Published : 2017.04.30

Abstract

The smart grid with distributed power supply introduces a number of problems including not only the problems of the existing power grid but also the problem of protection co-operation due to new electric phenomenon because it has a mixed operation structure combining the existing radial operation structure and the new loop operation structure. The EMTP based power system analysis method has flexibility and convenience from the view of system configuration but it requires another experimental verification because of uncertainty of design and analysis results. On the other hand, the real demonstration system has difficulties in observing accurate fault on large scale system due to considerable economical and spatial construction cost, system configuration constraint, and it is difficult to demonstrate the distributed, autonomous and adaptive control strategy of smart grid. In this paper, a basic theory for a micro smart grid simulator design using MEMS(Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems) miniaturization technology is studied which can safely and freely experiment and observe electrical phenomena, and distribution, autonomous adaptive control strategy for disturbances on 22.9kV smart grid under minimum economic and spatial cost.

분산전원이 도입된 스마트 그리드는 기존 전력망의 문제들뿐만 아니라, 새로운 전기적 현상에 기인한 보호 협조 문제 등 다수의 문제들을 새롭게 제기한다. EMTP 기반의 해석 방법은 계통구성의 유연성과 편리성을 가지지만 설계 및 해석결과의 불확실성 때문에 실험적 검증이 요구된다. 반면에 실증 시스템은 상당한 경제적, 공간적 건설비용 요구, 계통구성 제약 때문에 대규모 계통에 대한 정확한 고장 관측이 어렵고 스마트 그리드의 분산, 자율적, 적응제어 전략의 실증도 쉽지 않다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 최소의 경제적, 공간적 비용하에서 22.9kV 스마트 그리드의 외란에 대한 전기적인 현상들과 분산, 자율적 적응제어 전략을 안전하고 자유롭게 실험, 관측할 수 있는 MEMS의 소형화 기술을 이용한 마이크로 스마트 그리드 시뮬레이터 설계를 위한 기초이론을 연구한다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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