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Employing a fiber-based finite-length plastic hinge model for representing the cyclic and seismic behaviour of hollow steel columns

  • Farahi, Mojtaba (Department of Civil Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology) ;
  • Erfani, Saeed (Department of Civil Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology)
  • Received : 2016.09.28
  • Accepted : 2017.01.23
  • Published : 2017.04.10

Abstract

Numerical simulations are prevalently used to evaluate the seismic behaviour of structures. The accuracy of the simulation results depends directly on the accuracy of the modelling techniques employed to simulate the behaviour of individual structural members. An empirical modelling technique is employed in this paper to simulate the behaviour of column members under cyclic and seismic loading. Despite the common modelling techniques, this technique is capable of simulating two important aspects of the cyclic and seismic behaviour of columns simultaneously. The proposed fiber-based modelling technique captures explicitly the interaction between the bending moment and the axial force in columns, and the cyclic deterioration of the hysteretic behaviour of these members is implicitly taken into account. The fiber-based model is calibrated based on the cyclic behaviour of square hollow steel sections. The behaviour of several column archetypes is investigated under a dual cyclic loading protocol to develop a benchmark database before the calibration procedure. The dual loading protocol used in this study consists of both axial and lateral loading cycles with varying amplitudes. After the calibration procedure, a regression analysis is conducted to derive an equation for predicting a varying calibrated modelling parameter. Finally, several nonlinear time-history analyses are conducted on a 6-story steel special moment frame in order to investigate how the results of numerical simulations can be affected by employing the intended modelling technique for columns instead of other common modelling techniques.

Keywords

cyclic behaviour;distributed plasticity finite element;fiber-based finite-length plastic hinge model;column members;cyclic strength deterioration;axial force-bending moment interaction

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