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Insecticidal Activity of Japanese Pine Sawyer (Monochamus alternatus) and Toxicity Test of Honeybee (Apis mellifera) using 5 Kinds of Neonicotinoids

5종의 네오니코티노이드계 약제에 대한 솔수염하늘소의 살충활성과 꿀벌독성

  • Cho, Woo Seong (Department of Plant Medicine, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Jeong, Dae-Hoon (Department of Plant Medicine, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Jae Seon (Department of Plant Medicine, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Hyun Kyung (Department of Plant Medicine, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Seo, Sang-Tae (Korea Forest Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, Gil-Hah (Department of Plant Medicine, Chungbuk National University)
  • 조우성 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 정대훈 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 이재선 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 김현경 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 서상태 (국립산림과학원) ;
  • 김길하 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과)
  • Received : 2017.02.15
  • Accepted : 2017.03.13
  • Published : 2017.03.31

Abstract

Susceptibility and persistence of Japanese pine sawyer, Monochamus alternatus adults, and acute contact toxicity, foliage contact toxicity, and residual toxicity to honeybee, Apis mellifera were evaluated by using 5 kinds of neonicotinoid pesticides. All neonicotinoids pesticides showed over 80% mortality 48 hour after body spray treatment. However, only 2 kinds of acetamiprid ME and acetamiprid+buprofezin showed over 80% mortality in the twig dipping treatment. All of the five neonicotinoides pesticides used in M. alternatus adults showed residual effect of 60-80% mortality, but the efficacy decreased rapidly after 1 day of treatment. Acetamiprid ME showed the lowest toxicity in the acute and foliage contact toxicity test of A. mellifera. The residual toxicity of leaves on A. mellifera was very low in acetamiprid ME and acetamiprid+buprofezin. However, the residual toxicity of all pesticides treatments decreased to 10-30% after 1 day of treatment and further decreased with time. These results indicate that acetamiprid ME among five neonicotinoid agents showed a high insecticidal activity in the M. alternatus adults, while it exhibited relatively low contact and residual toxicity in the A. mellifera. It is thought that acetamiprid ME can be effectively used for the control of the M. alternatus adults as vector of pine wilt disease.

Keywords

Apis mellifera;Insecticidal activity;Monochamus alternatus;Pesticide;Residual toxicity

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 산림과학연구원

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