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Survey of Planting System and Pesticide Spray Method on Apple Orchards in Korea

국내 사과원의 재배형태 및 농약 살포방법 조사

  • Kwon, Hyeyoung (Department of Agro-food Safety and Crop Protection, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Hong, Su-Myeong (Department of Agro-food Safety and Crop Protection, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Sang-Su (Department of Agro-food Safety and Crop Protection, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Paik, Min Kyoung (Department of Agro-food Safety and Crop Protection, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Lee, Hyo Sub (Department of Agro-food Safety and Crop Protection, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Dan-Bi (Department of Agro-food Safety and Crop Protection, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Moon, Byeong-Chul (Department of Agro-food Safety and Crop Protection, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration)
  • 권혜영 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 홍수명 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 김상수 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 백민경 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 이효섭 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 김단비 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 문병철 (농촌진흥청 국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부)
  • Received : 2016.11.07
  • Accepted : 2017.02.13
  • Published : 2017.03.31

Abstract

A survey was conducted to research on planting system and pesticide spray methods including spray volume, sprayer types, and spray nozzles used in apple orchards. The survey was deployed to 395 farmers in 17 cities and towns including 7 regions which are major producers of apple via interview. Major apple varieties were Fuji (79.2%) and Hongro (50.9%) and high density planting system was mainly used in apple orchards (distance between rows: 4.0-4.5 m (73.1%); planting distance: 1.5-3.5 m (88.6%); canopy height: 3.0-4.5 m (88.2%)). The percentages of sprayer types were 77.6% and 22.1% for speed sprayer (airblast sprayer) and power sprayer, respectively. Spray volumes per 10a were 250-300 L in April, the month of spraying the lowest volume, and 300-400 L in June-August, the months of spraying the highest volume. Significant difference in spray volumes were not observed between conventional planting and high density planting, but regional spray volume showed significant difference. The main nozzles used by apple farmers using power sprayers were super jet nozzle (45%), super wide nozzle (26%), and 2-3 vertical head nozzle (25%). The results will helpful to establish practical agrochemicals management policy including suggestion of pesticide spray volume and evaluation of pesticide residue data and efficacy data.

Keywords

Nozzle;pesticide;sprayer;spray volume;survey

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국립농업과학원

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