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장애 학생의 삶의 만족도에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구-가정, 학교 및 장애 특성을 중심으로

Study on the Influencing Factors on Life Satisfaction of Students with Disabilities-Focused on Household, School and Disability Related Characteristics

  • 이은순 (충북대학교 아동복지학과) ;
  • 윤상용 (충북대학교 아동복지학과)
  • 투고 : 2016.09.01
  • 심사 : 2017.03.20
  • 발행 : 2017.03.28

초록

본 연구는 장애학생의 현재 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향 요인을 분석함으로써 장애 아동 및 청소년들의 삶의 만족도를 높이는데 필요한 기초자료를 제공하는 것을 목적으로 하고 있다. 이를 위해 보건복지부에서 실시한 2014년 장애인실태조사 원 자료를 분석 자료로 하여, 초등학교, 중학교, 고등학교에 재학 중인 학생 197명을 대상으로 가족관계 만족도, 가정폭력 여부, 경제상태, 가구 유형, 차별정도, 장애정도, 주관적 건강상태, 친구들의 수 만족도, 학교생활적응도 등 가정, 학교 및 장애 특성 요인이 삶의 만족도에 영향을 미치는 지를 검증하고자 집단 간 평균비교 및 다중회귀분석 등을 실시하였다. 분석결과 가정폭력 여부, 가족관계 만족도, 주관적 건강상태, 친구의 수 만족도 등이 장애학생의 삶의 만족도에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 연구결과를 토대로 가족 구조와 기능강화, 아동 및 청소년들과 가족이 함께하는 프로그램 확대, 사회성 강화 프로그램 실시, 건강 증진 방안 등이 필요함을 시사한다.

키워드

장애 아동 및 청소년;삶의 만족도;가정폭력;가족관계만족도;가구유형;경제상태;장애정도;차별정도;주관적 건강상태;친구 수 만족도;학교생활적응도

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