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간호대학생의 월경전증후군 영향 요인

Influencing Factors in Premenstrual Syndrome(PMS) among Nursing Students

  • 투고 : 2017.02.21
  • 심사 : 2017.03.20
  • 발행 : 2017.03.28

초록

본 연구는 월경전증후군 영향 요인을 파악하기 위해 실시된 서술적 조사연구이다. 대상자는 B광역시 소재 2개 대학과 K시 1개 대학에 재학 중인 간호대학생으로 대상자 선정 기준에 적합한 자로 총 159명이었으며 자료수집 기간은 2016년 10월 28일부터 11월 15일까지 이루어졌다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS/WIN 21.0 프로그램을 이용하여 t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, multiple regression으로 분석하였다. 스트레스(r=-.396, p<.001)와 월경태도(r=-.176, p=.027)는 월경전증후군과 정적 상관관계가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 간호대학생의 월경전증후군에 영향을 미치는 주요 요인은 스트레스(${\beta}=.36$, p<.001)와 월경통(${\beta}=.22$, p=.003)으로 나타났으며, 이들 변수의 설명력은 19.4%이었다. 본 연구 는 간호대학생의 월경전증후군 관리 프로그램 개발에 기초적인 자료를 제공하는데 의의가 있다. 간호대학생의 월경전증후군을 효과적으로 관리하기 위해서는 스트레스와 월경통을 감소시킬 수 있는 전략으로 월경기간, 월경 양, 월경 중 불편감 등의 대상자 특성을 고려한 중재 프로그램 개발이 필요하다.

키워드

월경전증후군;스트레스;월경태도;월경통;간호대학생

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