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Effect of Temperature-induced Two-stage Cultivation on the Lipid and Saccharide Accumulation of Microalgae Chlorella vulgaris and Dunaliella salina

온도에 의해 유도된 2단계 배양전략을 통한 미세조류 Chlorella vulgaris와 Dunaliella salina의 지질과 탄수화물의 축적량 변화

Lee, Yeon-Ji;Lee, Chi-Heon;Cho, Kichul;Moon, Hye-Na;Namgung, Jin;Kim, Ki-hyuk;Lim, Byung-Jin;Kim, Daekyung;Yeo, In-Kyu
이연지;이치헌;조기철;문혜나;남궁진;김기혁;임병진;김대경;여인규

  • Received : 2016.12.02
  • Accepted : 2017.01.04
  • Published : 2017.02.28

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate a temperature-induced two-stage cultivation (TTC) strategy for the regulation of lipid and carbohydrate production by two microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris and Dunaliella salina, for biofuel production. The microalgae were grown under several temperature conditions (15, 25, 35, and $45^{\circ}C$) and optimal growth was observed at $25^{\circ}C$ for both microalgae. To test the TTC, aseptically cultured microalgae were incubated under optimal conditions ($25^{\circ}C$) for 20 days, and then divided into four aliquots that were incubated at 15, 25, 35, and $45^{\circ}C$ for 5 days. Similar but somewhat decreased growth rates were observed at the non-optimal temperatures (15, 35, and $45^{\circ}C$). In addition, while total lipid accumulation increased in a temperature-dependent manner in both microalgae, total carbohydrate increased with temperature in C. vulgaris but decreased in D. salina. However, for lipid and carbohydrate production, while the highest lipid productions of C. vulgaris and D. salina were observed at $25^{\circ}C$ and $35^{\circ}C$, respectively, the highest total carbohydrate productions of C. vulgaris and D. salina were obtained at $15^{\circ}C$ and $25^{\circ}C$, respectively. These results suggest that the TTC strategy may be easily and efficiently applied to bioprocessing for biofuel production.

Keywords

Carbohydrate;Lipid;Microalgae;Temperature;Two stage

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Acknowledgement

Grant : 기후변화 감시예측 및 국가정책지원강화

Supported by : 기상청